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CARSWELL

CARSWELL

Carswell Drawings

1827-1864

Sir Robert Carswell's anatomical drawings, with manuscript notes describing the cases illustrated, 1827-1838, and a manuscript catalogue, dated 1864.
The collection contains many items of historical significance, notably the first illustrations of the pathology in Hodgkin's Disease, the first portrayal of the lesions on the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis and the first depictions of iron deficiency anaemia. It comprises over around a thousand finely drafted watercolour and ink drawings, of various dimensions, depicting diseased structures divided into groups by subject.
Not all the drawings in the collection are by Carswell himself. Other named artists are Johnson Savage (17 drawings), W P Cocks (5 drawings) and H B Tuson (1 drawing). There is also an artist known simply by the initials "J A" (3 drawings) and some case notes are signed by B[enjamin] Clarke (3 drawings). In addition there are two (identical) uncoloured printed lithographs, and one unsigned drawing, dated Calcutta, 1852. Carswell's drawings are usually signed, or at least initialled by him, with the date and location on the verso. They date from September 1825 to March 1839, with those dated 1825 to early 1831 having Parisian locations. As well as the hospitals, zoo and abattoirs mentioned previously, some have names of doctors - presumably private cases which Carswell observed. One drawing has the inscription "Santo Spirito 1826", i.e. the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, the oldest hospital in Rome. One other has "St. Valery-sur Somme 1839" on the verso.
Of those executed in London, the majority were done at the North London or University College Hospital. Other locations are the Mount Street Infirmary and the North London Fever Hospital. The Fever Hospital was established for smallpox patients in 1802, in Gray's Inn Road, and moved to Liverpool Road, Islington in 1848.
Many drawings have several numbers on them but Carswell seems to have settled on the seventeen categories [A, B, Ca, Cb, D, E, Fa, Fb, Fc, Fd, G, Ha, Hb, Hc, I, K & L], each dealing with a part of the body or type of disease. The drawings were obviously once numbered in a continuous sequence from 1 to 1,035 but were then arranged into their respective groups which explains the seeming gaps in numbering.
The original drawings vary considerably in size, from as little as 4 x 4 cm to as much as 45 x 30 cm and above. Most are painted in watercolours. Over the years they were much used and handled, becoming very dirty and damaged, particularly at the edges. A project to conserve and re-house the drawings was completed in 2007. The drawings were digitised in 2017 and are now available online.

See Record View

Title Drawings of Intestines, Peritoneum
Date1 Aug 1826-1837
StorageSite

UCL Special Collections

Records included here:
CARSWELL/Fb/57

CARSWELL/Fb/57

Melanosis of Intestines

Sep 1827

CARSWELL/Fb/109

CARSWELL/Fb/109

Diphtheric Ulcers of Mucous Membrane of Large Intestine

1866

CARSWELL/Fb/149

CARSWELL/Fb/149

Scirrhus Tumour of the Mesenteric Glands and Intestine

Sep 1827

CARSWELL/Fb/151

CARSWELL/Fb/151

Softening and Perforation of Caput Caecum Coli

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/152

CARSWELL/Fb/152

Fistulous Communications between the Rectum and Uterus

1827

CARSWELL/Fb/153

CARSWELL/Fb/153

Abscess in the Groin

May 1827

CARSWELL/Fb/154

CARSWELL/Fb/154

Ulceration of the Ileum

Sep 1827

CARSWELL/Fb/155

CARSWELL/Fb/155

Caecum: Tumour in the Caput Coli

May 1827

CARSWELL/Fb/156

CARSWELL/Fb/156

Ulceration of the Caput Coli

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/159

CARSWELL/Fb/159

Cancer Cerebriformis of the Jejunum and Intestine Laid Open

1827

CARSWELL/Fb/166

CARSWELL/Fb/166

Diverticulum from the Ileon

Feb 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/167

CARSWELL/Fb/167

Diverticulum from the Ileon.

1829

CARSWELL/Fb/168

CARSWELL/Fb/168

Tubercles of the Intestine

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/Fb/169

CARSWELL/Fb/169

Peyer's Patches

1827

CARSWELL/Fb/170

CARSWELL/Fb/170

Tuberculous Ulceration and Perforation of the Ileum

Jul 1828

CARSWELL/Fb/171

CARSWELL/Fb/171

Intestinal ulceration

1827

CARSWELL/Fb/172

CARSWELL/Fb/172

Enteritis

Sep 1826

CARSWELL/Fb/173

CARSWELL/Fb/173

Strictures of the Ileon

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/174

CARSWELL/Fb/174

Ulceration of the Glandulae Peyeri

Sep 1826

CARSWELL/Fb/175

CARSWELL/Fb/175

Perforation of the Ileon in Chronic Enteritis

Nov 1826

CARSWELL/Fb/176

CARSWELL/Fb/176

Ulceration of the Plandulae Peyeri and Perforation of the Intestine

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/177

CARSWELL/Fb/177

Ulceration of the Ileon

1820s

CARSWELL/Fb/178

CARSWELL/Fb/178

Ulceration of the Glandulae Peyeri. Perforation of the Intestines. Mesenteric Glands Diseased.

1827

CARSWELL/Fb/179

CARSWELL/Fb/179

Softening of the Mucous and Muscular Coats of the Duodenum

Aug 1828

CARSWELL/Fb/180

CARSWELL/Fb/180

Cancer of the Jejunum with Perforation

May 1828

CARSWELL/Fb/181

CARSWELL/Fb/181

Perforation of the Termination of the Ileon

May 1827

CARSWELL/Fb/182

CARSWELL/Fb/182

Cerbriform Tumour: Caput Caecum Coli. Perforation: Ileon, Colon, Peritoneum.

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/Fb/183

CARSWELL/Fb/183

Ulceration of the Intestines

Nov 1828

CARSWELL/Fb/184

CARSWELL/Fb/184

Acute Gastritis, Chronic Enteritis

Dec 1826

CARSWELL/Fb/185

CARSWELL/Fb/185

Ulceration of the Glandulae Peyeri, Enlargement of the Mesenteric Glands

May 1826

CARSWELL/Fb/186

CARSWELL/Fb/186

Ulceration of the Glandulae Peyeri with Enlargement of the Lacteals.

Jan 1827

CARSWELL/Fb/187

CARSWELL/Fb/187

Tuberculous: Enlargement of the Mesenteric Glands, Ulceration of Large and Small Intestines, Perforation of the Ileon, Ulceration of the Duodenum.

May 1828

CARSWELL/Fb/188

CARSWELL/Fb/188

Intestines: Dysentery

1827

CARSWELL/Fb/189

CARSWELL/Fb/189

Entero-colitis. Enlargement of the Glandulae Peyeri and Solitariae

Aug 1826

CARSWELL/Fb/190

CARSWELL/Fb/190

Great Enlargement of the Glandulae Agminata and Solitariae

Mar 1827

CARSWELL/Fb/191

CARSWELL/Fb/191

Intestines: Ulceration, Perforation and Mucous Membrane

CARSWELL/Fb/192

CARSWELL/Fb/192

Perforation of Ileum. Ulceration of Agminated and Solitary Glands

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/193

CARSWELL/Fb/193

Haemorrhoidal Tumours and Excrescences from the Anus

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/Fb/194

CARSWELL/Fb/194

Ulceration of the Rectum

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/195

CARSWELL/Fb/195

Stricture of the Rectum

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/196

CARSWELL/Fb/196

Cancer of the Rectum

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/198

CARSWELL/Fb/198

Spurious Melanosis of the Colon

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/199

CARSWELL/Fb/199

Scirrhus of the Intestines

1827

CARSWELL/Fb/200

CARSWELL/Fb/200

Congenital Hernia

Sep 1828

CARSWELL/Fb/332

CARSWELL/Fb/332

Tumours in the Duodenum

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/333

CARSWELL/Fb/333

Phthisis: Ulceration of the Ileum

May 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/334

CARSWELL/Fb/334

Ulceration and Discolouration of Duodenum

May 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/335

CARSWELL/Fb/335

Ulceration: Triple Perforation and Stricture of the Jejunum

Apr 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/336

CARSWELL/Fb/336

Sarcomatous Tumour attached to the Small Intestine

Jul 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/337

CARSWELL/Fb/337

Peritonitis Ulceration and Perforation of Jejunum

1829

CARSWELL/Fb/338

CARSWELL/Fb/338

Phthisis: Tuberculous Ulceration of the Large Intestines

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/339

CARSWELL/Fb/339

Ulceration and Perforation of the Appendicula Coli Vermiformis, peritonitis and ulceration of Intestines

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/340

CARSWELL/Fb/340

Thickening and Induration of Descending Colon and Rectum

Aug 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/341

CARSWELL/Fb/341

Ulceration of Extremity of Rectum and Anus, Haemorrhoidal Tumours.

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/342

CARSWELL/Fb/342

Fistula in Ano, Perforation of Rectum and Vagina

Aug 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/343

CARSWELL/Fb/343

Inguinal Hernia, Peritonitis

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/345

CARSWELL/Fb/345

Chronic Peritonites, Intestines, mesentery omentum united by false membranes

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/351

CARSWELL/Fb/351

Gallstones, Perforation of Duodenum and Gall Bladder

Sep 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/352

CARSWELL/Fb/352

Perforation of Gall Bladder and Duodenum

1829

CARSWELL/Fb/417

CARSWELL/Fb/417

Softening of the Mucous Membrane and Ulceration of the Follicles of the Colon and Rectum

Apr 1830

CARSWELL/Fb/418

CARSWELL/Fb/418

Ulceration of the Rectum

Apr 1830

CARSWELL/Fb/419

CARSWELL/Fb/419

Ulceration of the Rectum

Apr 1830

CARSWELL/Fb/450

CARSWELL/Fb/450

Perforation of the Ileum. Peritonitis.

May 1830

CARSWELL/Fb/451

CARSWELL/Fb/451

Ulceration and mortification of intestine: ulceration of peritoneum

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fb/457

CARSWELL/Fb/457

Ulceration and Perforation of Ileum and Band of Adhesion between Coils

Sep 1830

CARSWELL/Fb/601

CARSWELL/Fb/601

Tubercular Ulceration of the Termination of Ileon

Apr 1831

CARSWELL/Fb/602

CARSWELL/Fb/602

Chronic Ulceration, Thickening and Contraction of the Ileon

Dec 1830

CARSWELL/Fb/603

CARSWELL/Fb/603

Thickening of Submucous Membrane of Colon

Nov 1830

CARSWELL/Fb/604

CARSWELL/Fb/604

Intestine: Oedema of Submucous Tissue of Jejunum

Feb 1831

CARSWELL/Fb/605

CARSWELL/Fb/605

Tubercular Peritonitis

1830

CARSWELL/Fb/606

CARSWELL/Fb/606

Tubercular Peritonitis, Abscess and Perforation the Abdomen

Jan 1831

CARSWELL/Fb/607

CARSWELL/Fb/607

False Membrane: Cavity of the Pelvis

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fb/619

CARSWELL/Fb/619

Tubercles in Mesentery

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fb/620

CARSWELL/Fb/620

Chronic Diarroea, Enlarged Glandulae Aggregatae & Enlarged Mesenteric Glands. Intus-susception.

1830s

CARSWELL/Fb/621

CARSWELL/Fb/621

Rectum: Cancer

Mar 1837

CARSWELL/Fb/622

CARSWELL/Fb/622

Monkey: Inflammation and Follicular Exudation of Large Intestines, Three Tricocephali Caecum

1830

CARSWELL/Fb/791

CARSWELL/Fb/791

Malformation of Jejunum

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fb/792

CARSWELL/Fb/792

An Intussusception with Jejunum / Ileum

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fb/793

CARSWELL/Fb/793

Inflammation and Ulceration of Mucous Membrane of Caput Coli

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/794

CARSWELL/Fb/794

Perforation of the Duodenum by a Gall Stone

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/795

CARSWELL/Fb/795

Internal Surface of Ileum, Small Ulcers in Mucous Follicles

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/796

CARSWELL/Fb/796

Inflammation and Ulceration of Mucous Membrane of Ileum in Typhus

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/797

CARSWELL/Fb/797

Inverted Portion of Ileum Representing Deep and Ragged Ulcers

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/798

CARSWELL/Fb/798

Inflammation of Serous Membrane of Bowels

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/799

CARSWELL/Fb/799

Inflamed Intestines covered in by Coaguable Lymph

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/800

CARSWELL/Fb/800

Inflammation of Mucous Membranes of Jejunum

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/801

CARSWELL/Fb/801

Ulceration and Inflammation of Mucous and Serous Membrane of Bowels

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/802

CARSWELL/Fb/802

Venous Congestion and Inflammation

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/803

CARSWELL/Fb/803

Enlargement and Ulceration of the Solitary and Agminated Glands

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/804

CARSWELL/Fb/804

Chronic Inflammation of Serous Membrane of Intestines with Adhesions

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/805

CARSWELL/Fb/805

Ulceration of the Serous Membrane of the Ileum

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/806

CARSWELL/Fb/806

Ileum: Ulceration and Sloughs

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/807

CARSWELL/Fb/807

Ulceration of the Ileum

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/808

CARSWELL/Fb/808

Muco-enteritis with Enlargement of the Follicles

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/809

CARSWELL/Fb/809

Ulceration of Colon in Phthisis

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/810

CARSWELL/Fb/810

Deep Ulceration of the Colon

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/975

CARSWELL/Fb/975

Intestines: Hyperaemia, Haemorrhage

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fb/976

CARSWELL/Fb/976

Hypertrophy of a Gland of Peyer

1831

CARSWELL/Fb/977

CARSWELL/Fb/977

Intestine: Acute Inflammation

CARSWELL/Fb/978

CARSWELL/Fb/978

Colon: Ulceration

Aug 1832

CARSWELL/Fb/980

CARSWELL/Fb/980

Intussusception: Intestine

Jul 1829

CARSWELL/Fb/981

CARSWELL/Fb/981

Tumour: Intussusception

CARSWELL/Fb/982

CARSWELL/Fb/982

Tubercles in Epiploon, Kidneys of Monkey

Aug 1828

CARSWELL/Fb/984

CARSWELL/Fb/984

Cadaveric Congesting of a Portion of Small Intestine

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fb/985

CARSWELL/Fb/985

Intussuscepted Portions of Intestine Palped by Stool

1831

CARSWELL/Fb/986

CARSWELL/Fb/986

Spurious Melanosis: Small Intestine

1831

CARSWELL/Fb/987

CARSWELL/Fb/987

Inflammation and Mechanical Congestion of a Portion of Small Intestine, in Strangulated Hernia

Jul 1837

CARSWELL/Fb/988

CARSWELL/Fb/988

Rabbit: Fibrinous Vascular Tumour from a Coagulum in the Peritoneum

CARSWELL/Fb/UN

CARSWELL/Fb/UN

Drawings of Intestines, Peritoneum (Unnumbered Drawing)

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