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CARSWELL

CARSWELL

Carswell Drawings

1827-1864

Sir Robert Carswell's anatomical drawings, with manuscript notes describing the cases illustrated, 1827-1838, and a manuscript catalogue, dated 1864.
The collection contains many items of historical significance, notably the first illustrations of the pathology in Hodgkin's Disease, the first portrayal of the lesions on the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis and the first depictions of iron deficiency anaemia. It comprises over around a thousand finely drafted watercolour and ink drawings, of various dimensions, depicting diseased structures divided into groups by subject.
Not all the drawings in the collection are by Carswell himself. Other named artists are Johnson Savage (17 drawings), W P Cocks (5 drawings) and H B Tuson (1 drawing). There is also an artist known simply by the initials "J A" (3 drawings) and some case notes are signed by B[enjamin] Clarke (3 drawings). In addition there are two (identical) uncoloured printed lithographs, and one unsigned drawing, dated Calcutta, 1852. Carswell's drawings are usually signed, or at least initialled by him, with the date and location on the verso. They date from September 1825 to March 1839, with those dated 1825 to early 1831 having Parisian locations. As well as the hospitals, zoo and abattoirs mentioned previously, some have names of doctors - presumably private cases which Carswell observed. One drawing has the inscription "Santo Spirito 1826", i.e. the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, the oldest hospital in Rome. One other has "St. Valery-sur Somme 1839" on the verso.
Of those executed in London, the majority were done at the North London or University College Hospital. Other locations are the Mount Street Infirmary and the North London Fever Hospital. The Fever Hospital was established for smallpox patients in 1802, in Gray's Inn Road, and moved to Liverpool Road, Islington in 1848.
Many drawings have several numbers on them but Carswell seems to have settled on the seventeen categories [A, B, Ca, Cb, D, E, Fa, Fb, Fc, Fd, G, Ha, Hb, Hc, I, K & L], each dealing with a part of the body or type of disease. The drawings were obviously once numbered in a continuous sequence from 1 to 1,035 but were then arranged into their respective groups which explains the seeming gaps in numbering.
The original drawings vary considerably in size, from as little as 4 x 4 cm to as much as 45 x 30 cm and above. Most are painted in watercolours. Over the years they were much used and handled, becoming very dirty and damaged, particularly at the edges. A project to conserve and re-house the drawings was completed in 2007. The drawings were digitised in 2017 and are now available online.

See Record View

Title Drawings of Heart and Blood Vessels
Date1 Nov 1826-1839
StorageSite

UCL Special Collections

Records included here:
CARSWELL/A/1

CARSWELL/A/1

Pericarditis

12 Nov 1826

CARSWELL/A/2

CARSWELL/A/2

Ossificaton of the Valves of Heart

Nov 1828

CARSWELL/A/3

CARSWELL/A/3

Ulceration & Aneurism of Aorta

Nov 1828

CARSWELL/A/4

CARSWELL/A/4

Coagula in Right Ventricle

Aug 1828

CARSWELL/A/5

CARSWELL/A/5

Polypus of the Heart

14 Feb 1827

CARSWELL/A/6

CARSWELL/A/6

Fibrinous Polypi

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/A/7

CARSWELL/A/7

Hypertrophy & Dilatation

Sep 1828

CARSWELL/A/8

CARSWELL/A/8

Hypertrophy & Dilatation

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/A/9

CARSWELL/A/9

Cyst in Walls of Left Ventricle

Dec 1828

CARSWELL/A/10

CARSWELL/A/10

Pericarditis

Jan 1829

CARSWELL/A/11

CARSWELL/A/11

Pericarditis [Infant]

11 May 1828

CARSWELL/A/12

CARSWELL/A/12

Abscess [Heart]

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/A/13

CARSWELL/A/13

Hypertrophy of Left Ventricle

Feb 1829

CARSWELL/A/14

CARSWELL/A/14

Vena Porta and Splenic Vein

1827

CARSWELL/A/15

CARSWELL/A/15

Aneurysm of Ascending Aorta

c1827-1829

CARSWELL/A/17

CARSWELL/A/17

Vena Saphena Major, Coagulated Lymph

Aug 1827

CARSWELL/A/18

CARSWELL/A/18

Gangrene of the Ankle Joint

Feb 1828

CARSWELL/A/19

CARSWELL/A/19

Aneurysm of Arch of Aorta

c1827-1829

CARSWELL/A/20

CARSWELL/A/20

Contraction of Aorta

CARSWELL/A/22

CARSWELL/A/22

Obliteration of Left Iliac Vein

Aug 1898

CARSWELL/A/23

CARSWELL/A/23

Ulceration and Perforation of Vena Saphena Interna

1829

CARSWELL/A/285

CARSWELL/A/285

Contraction of Both Auriculo-Ventricular Orifices

Sep 1829

CARSWELL/A/286

CARSWELL/A/286

Atrophy of Heart & Hypertrophy of Left Ventricle

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/A/287

CARSWELL/A/287

Pericarditis: Hypertrophy of Left Ventricle

May 1829

CARSWELL/A/288

CARSWELL/A/288

Bone in Pericardial Adhesions

May 1829

CARSWELL/A/289

CARSWELL/A/289

Hypertrophy of Right Ventricle

1829

CARSWELL/A/290

CARSWELL/A/290

Perforation of Semi Lunar Valves

Aug 1829

CARSWELL/A/291

CARSWELL/A/291

Scirrhus or Cancer - Thickening of Internal Membrane of Left Ventricle

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/A/292

CARSWELL/A/292

Pus & Coagula in Femoral Vein

Apr 1829

CARSWELL/A/293

CARSWELL/A/293

Compression of Vena Cava Abdominalis

Sep 1829

CARSWELL/A/319

CARSWELL/A/319

Gangrene of the Toes

Aug 1829

CARSWELL/A/377

CARSWELL/A/377

Pericarditis

Oct 1829

CARSWELL/A/378

CARSWELL/A/378

Obliteration of Vena Cava Interior

Oct 1829

CARSWELL/A/379

CARSWELL/A/379

Obliteration of Inferior Vena Cava and Part of Vena Portae

Oct 1829

CARSWELL/A/380

CARSWELL/A/380

Mitral Constriction and Fibro-Cartilaginous Transformation

Jan 1830

CARSWELL/A/381

CARSWELL/A/381

Mitral Constriction and Fibro-Cartilaginous and Osseous Transformation

Jan 1830

CARSWELL/A/382

CARSWELL/A/382

Aneurysm of Arch of Aorta

1829

CARSWELL/A/383

CARSWELL/A/383

Excrescences to Tricuspid Valve

Apr 1830

CARSWELL/A/384

CARSWELL/A/384

Obliteration of Femoral, Popliteal etc. Veins

Apr 1830

CARSWELL/A/385

CARSWELL/A/385

Calcification of Arteries: Gangrene

Apr 1830

CARSWELL/A/446

CARSWELL/A/446

Malformation of Pericardium

1830

CARSWELL/A/447

CARSWELL/A/447

Gangrena Senilis

c1830

CARSWELL/A/448

CARSWELL/A/448

Gangrene [Heart Disease]

May 1830

CARSWELL/A/449

CARSWELL/A/449

Obliteration of Part of Vena Cava Abdominalis

1830

CARSWELL/A/530

CARSWELL/A/530

Ossification of Pulmonary Artery

Jan 1831

CARSWELL/A/531

CARSWELL/A/531

Atrophy of the Heart

Nov 1830

CARSWELL/A/532

CARSWELL/A/532

Ossification of Aortic Semi Lunar Valves

Jan 1831

CARSWELL/A/533

CARSWELL/A/533

Tubercular pericarditis

Mar 1831

CARSWELL/A/534

CARSWELL/A/534

Aneurysm of Arch of Aorta

Apr 1831

CARSWELL/A/535

CARSWELL/A/535

Rupture of the Aorta (Horse)

1831

CARSWELL/A/536

CARSWELL/A/536

Aneurysm of One of the Mesenteric Arteries (Horse)

1831

CARSWELL/A/537

CARSWELL/A/537

Warty Excrescences on the Valves of the Left Side of Heart

Jan 1838

CARSWELL/A/538

CARSWELL/A/538

Experiments on Obliteration of Arteries in Dog & Horse

May 1831

CARSWELL/A/539

CARSWELL/A/539

Experiments on Obliteration of Arteries in Horse

May 1831

CARSWELL/A/540

CARSWELL/A/540

Cyanosis

1839

CARSWELL/A/541

CARSWELL/A/541

Coagulum Within Vessel

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/544

CARSWELL/A/544

Dilatation of the Jugular Veins of the Horse

1830

CARSWELL/A/684

CARSWELL/A/684

Adhesion of the Pericardium with Dilatation of the Arch of the Aorta

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/685

CARSWELL/A/685

Effusion of Fibrine in Pericarditis

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/686

CARSWELL/A/686

Chronic Pericardial Adhesions

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/687

CARSWELL/A/687

Adhesions of Pericardium

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/688

CARSWELL/A/688

Effusion of Lymph Within the Pericardium

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/689

CARSWELL/A/689

Coagulable Lymph Covering Heart

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/690

CARSWELL/A/690

Coagulable Lymph on Surface of Heart

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/691

CARSWELL/A/691

Dropsy of the Pericardium

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/692

CARSWELL/A/692

Dropsy of the Pericardium

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/693

CARSWELL/A/693

Dilatation of Arch of Aorta with Calcareous Deposition on Semi Lunar Valves

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/694

CARSWELL/A/694

Atheroma of the Aorta

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/695

CARSWELL/A/695

Ossification of the Aortal Valves

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/696

CARSWELL/A/696

Chronic Vegetations with Dilatation

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/697

CARSWELL/A/697

Narrowing of the Ventriculo-Ventruclar Orifice

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/698

CARSWELL/A/698

An Oblique Section through both Ventricles

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/699

CARSWELL/A/699

Calcareous Deposition on Tricuspid Valves

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/700

CARSWELL/A/700

Chronic Inflammation of Inner Surface of Heart

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/701

CARSWELL/A/701

Excrescences on Inner Surface of Heart

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/702

CARSWELL/A/702

Endo-Carditis, Pericarditis

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/703

CARSWELL/A/703

Peri-endo-carditis

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/704

CARSWELL/A/704

Atheroma of the Coronary Artery

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/705

CARSWELL/A/705

Aneurysm of Aorta Compressing the Oesophagus

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/706

CARSWELL/A/706

Aneurysm of Arch of Aorta

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/707

CARSWELL/A/707

Large Aneurysm of Arch of Aorta Containing Laminated Coagula

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/708

CARSWELL/A/708

Aneurysm of Arch of Aorta

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/709

CARSWELL/A/709

Aneurysm of the Abdominal Aorta

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/710

CARSWELL/A/710

Inflammation of Iliac Veins with Coagula of Fibrine and Blood

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/711

CARSWELL/A/711

Blue Disease

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/914

CARSWELL/A/914

Heart: Dilatation of Right Ventricle

CARSWELL/A/915

CARSWELL/A/915

Pulmonary Haemorrhage

1835

CARSWELL/A/916

CARSWELL/A/916

Heart: Circumscribed Dilatation of Left Ventricle

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/917

CARSWELL/A/917

Heart: Rupture of Left Ventricle

1835

CARSWELL/A/918

CARSWELL/A/918

A Cyst in the Parietes of the Left Ventricle and Columnae Carneae

1834

CARSWELL/A/919

CARSWELL/A/919

Heart: True Aneurysm

1827

CARSWELL/A/920

CARSWELL/A/920

Heart: Hydatid in Parietes

1837

CARSWELL/A/921

CARSWELL/A/921

Partial Obliteration of Orifice of Pulmonary Artery

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/922

CARSWELL/A/922

Iliac Vein: Inflammation & Obliteration

1834

CARSWELL/A/923

CARSWELL/A/923

Circumscribed Dilatation of Jugular Vein after Phlebotomy

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/989

CARSWELL/A/989

Arteritis: Peritonitis

1830s?

CARSWELL/A/990

CARSWELL/A/990

Membranes on Free Surface of Aorta

29 Apr 1831

CARSWELL/A/1032

CARSWELL/A/1032

Aneurismal Varix: Varicose Dilatation of Arteries

1830s?

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