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CARSWELL

CARSWELL

Carswell Drawings

1827-1864

Sir Robert Carswell's anatomical drawings, with manuscript notes describing the cases illustrated, 1827-1838, and a manuscript catalogue, dated 1864.
The collection contains many items of historical significance, notably the first illustrations of the pathology in Hodgkin's Disease, the first portrayal of the lesions on the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis and the first depictions of iron deficiency anaemia. It comprises over around a thousand finely drafted watercolour and ink drawings, of various dimensions, depicting diseased structures divided into groups by subject.
Not all the drawings in the collection are by Carswell himself. Other named artists are Johnson Savage (17 drawings), W P Cocks (5 drawings) and H B Tuson (1 drawing). There is also an artist known simply by the initials "J A" (3 drawings) and some case notes are signed by B[enjamin] Clarke (3 drawings). In addition there are two (identical) uncoloured printed lithographs, and one unsigned drawing, dated Calcutta, 1852. Carswell's drawings are usually signed, or at least initialled by him, with the date and location on the verso. They date from September 1825 to March 1839, with those dated 1825 to early 1831 having Parisian locations. As well as the hospitals, zoo and abattoirs mentioned previously, some have names of doctors - presumably private cases which Carswell observed. One drawing has the inscription "Santo Spirito 1826", i.e. the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, the oldest hospital in Rome. One other has "St. Valery-sur Somme 1839" on the verso.
Of those executed in London, the majority were done at the North London or University College Hospital. Other locations are the Mount Street Infirmary and the North London Fever Hospital. The Fever Hospital was established for smallpox patients in 1802, in Gray's Inn Road, and moved to Liverpool Road, Islington in 1848.
Many drawings have several numbers on them but Carswell seems to have settled on the seventeen categories [A, B, Ca, Cb, D, E, Fa, Fb, Fc, Fd, G, Ha, Hb, Hc, I, K & L], each dealing with a part of the body or type of disease. The drawings were obviously once numbered in a continuous sequence from 1 to 1,035 but were then arranged into their respective groups which explains the seeming gaps in numbering.
The original drawings vary considerably in size, from as little as 4 x 4 cm to as much as 45 x 30 cm and above. Most are painted in watercolours. Over the years they were much used and handled, becoming very dirty and damaged, particularly at the edges. A project to conserve and re-house the drawings was completed in 2007. The drawings were digitised in 2017 and are now available online.

See Record View

Title Drawings of Breast and Glandular System
Date1 Jan 1828-Apr 1831
StorageSite

UCL Special Collections

Records included here:
CARSWELL/B/24

CARSWELL/B/24

Tumour Removed from the Female Breast

Jul 1828

CARSWELL/B/25

CARSWELL/B/25

Tumour Taken from the Neighbourhood of the Breast

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/B/26

CARSWELL/B/26

Breast: Tumour

Sep 1828

CARSWELL/B/27

CARSWELL/B/27

Breast: Tumour

1828

CARSWELL/B/28

CARSWELL/B/28

Breast: Tumour

1830s?

CARSWELL/B/30

CARSWELL/B/30

Breast: Tumour

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/B/31

CARSWELL/B/31

Breast: Tumour

1830s?

CARSWELL/B/32

CARSWELL/B/32

Breast: Tumour

Sep 1828

CARSWELL/B/34

CARSWELL/B/34

Enlargement and Inflammation of the Glands of the Neck

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/B/36

CARSWELL/B/36

Scirrhus & Ulceration of the Breast

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/B/37

CARSWELL/B/37

Cancer of the Breast

Jan 1829

CARSWELL/B/38

CARSWELL/B/38

Carcinoma Mamma

May 1828

CARSWELL/B/39

CARSWELL/B/39

Carcinoma

May 1828

CARSWELL/B/41

CARSWELL/B/41

Cancer of the Breast

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/B/42

CARSWELL/B/42

Carcinoma of Breast

1830s?

CARSWELL/B/43

CARSWELL/B/43

Drawings of Breast and Glandular System

CARSWELL/B/46

CARSWELL/B/46

Fungus Haematodes of the Amygdalae

1830s?

CARSWELL/B/47

CARSWELL/B/47

Cancer of the Bronchial & Mesenteric Glands

Apr 1828

CARSWELL/B/48

CARSWELL/B/48

Fungus Haematodes of the Glands of the Groin

Apr 1828

CARSWELL/B/50

CARSWELL/B/50

Hodgkins' Disease

Apr 1828

CARSWELL/B/51

CARSWELL/B/51

Fungoid Cancerous Tumour of the Left Breast

Apr 1828

CARSWELL/B/52

CARSWELL/B/52

Fungus Haematodes of Mesenteric Glands

Apr 1828

CARSWELL/B/53

CARSWELL/B/53

Cancer of Mesenteric Glands

May 1828

CARSWELL/B/54

CARSWELL/B/54

Cancer of Mesenteric Glands

May 1828

CARSWELL/B/297

CARSWELL/B/297

Scrofulous Enlargement of Parotid Glands

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/B/298

CARSWELL/B/298

Scrofulous Disease of Parotid and Cervical Glands

1829

CARSWELL/B/299

CARSWELL/B/299

Scrofulous Disease of Parotid Glands

1829

CARSWELL/B/300

CARSWELL/B/300

Scrofula

1829

CARSWELL/B/425

CARSWELL/B/425

Breast: Cystic Sarcoma

Oct 1829

CARSWELL/B/426

CARSWELL/B/426

Scirrhus Tumour of the Breast

Oct 1829

CARSWELL/B/429

CARSWELL/B/429

Cancer of the Breast

1829

CARSWELL/B/542

CARSWELL/B/542

Inflammation and Suppuration of the Parotid Gland

Mar 1831

CARSWELL/B/629

CARSWELL/B/629

Lymphatic of Scrotum Dilated and Filled with Melicerous Matter

Apr 1831

CARSWELL/B/630

CARSWELL/B/630

Cerebriform Cancer of the Mesenteric Glands, Pancreas, and Suprarenal Capsula

Apr 1831

CARSWELL/B/712

CARSWELL/B/712

Tubercle in Mesenteric Glands

1830s?

CARSWELL/B/713

CARSWELL/B/713

Encephaloid Tumours in the Breast

1830s?

CARSWELL/B/787

CARSWELL/B/787

Colloid Cancer of Breast

1830s?

CARSWELL/B/788

CARSWELL/B/788

Natural Sloughing away of a Cancerous Mamma

Apr 1852

CARSWELL/B/983

CARSWELL/B/983

Mesenteric Glands: Cancer

Apr 1831

CARSWELL/B/1026

CARSWELL/B/1026

Thyroid Gland

1830?

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