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CARSWELL

CARSWELL

Carswell Drawings

1827-1864

Sir Robert Carswell's anatomical drawings, with manuscript notes describing the cases illustrated, 1827-1838, and a manuscript catalogue, dated 1864.
The collection contains many items of historical significance, notably the first illustrations of the pathology in Hodgkin's Disease, the first portrayal of the lesions on the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis and the first depictions of iron deficiency anaemia. It comprises over around a thousand finely drafted watercolour and ink drawings, of various dimensions, depicting diseased structures divided into groups by subject.
Not all the drawings in the collection are by Carswell himself. Other named artists are Johnson Savage (17 drawings), W P Cocks (5 drawings) and H B Tuson (1 drawing). There is also an artist known simply by the initials "J A" (3 drawings) and some case notes are signed by B[enjamin] Clarke (3 drawings). In addition there are two (identical) uncoloured printed lithographs, and one unsigned drawing, dated Calcutta, 1852. Carswell's drawings are usually signed, or at least initialled by him, with the date and location on the verso. They date from September 1825 to March 1839, with those dated 1825 to early 1831 having Parisian locations. As well as the hospitals, zoo and abattoirs mentioned previously, some have names of doctors - presumably private cases which Carswell observed. One drawing has the inscription "Santo Spirito 1826", i.e. the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, the oldest hospital in Rome. One other has "St. Valery-sur Somme 1839" on the verso.
Of those executed in London, the majority were done at the North London or University College Hospital. Other locations are the Mount Street Infirmary and the North London Fever Hospital. The Fever Hospital was established for smallpox patients in 1802, in Gray's Inn Road, and moved to Liverpool Road, Islington in 1848.
Many drawings have several numbers on them but Carswell seems to have settled on the seventeen categories [A, B, Ca, Cb, D, E, Fa, Fb, Fc, Fd, G, Ha, Hb, Hc, I, K & L], each dealing with a part of the body or type of disease. The drawings were obviously once numbered in a continuous sequence from 1 to 1,035 but were then arranged into their respective groups which explains the seeming gaps in numbering.
The original drawings vary considerably in size, from as little as 4 x 4 cm to as much as 45 x 30 cm and above. Most are painted in watercolours. Over the years they were much used and handled, becoming very dirty and damaged, particularly at the edges. A project to conserve and re-house the drawings was completed in 2007. The drawings were digitised in 2017 and are now available online.

See Record View

Title Drawings of Lungs, Pleura, Bronchi
Date1 Nov 1826-1836
StorageSite

UCL Special Collections

Records included here:
CARSWELL/Cb/75

CARSWELL/Cb/75

Dilatation of the Bronchi

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/76

CARSWELL/Cb/76

Right Lung with Four Lobes

1828

CARSWELL/Cb/77

CARSWELL/Cb/77

Left Lung with Three Lobes

1829

CARSWELL/Cb/78

CARSWELL/Cb/78

Pulmonary Apoplexy

Nov 1826

CARSWELL/Cb/79

CARSWELL/Cb/79

Pulmonary Apoplexy, Partially Absorbed

Aug 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/81

CARSWELL/Cb/81

Interlobular Emphysema of the Lungs

1820s?

CARSWELL/Cb/82

CARSWELL/Cb/82

Vesicular Emphysema, Oedema glottides, Ulceration of larynx.

Jul 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/83

CARSWELL/Cb/83

Emphysema of the Lungs

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/84

CARSWELL/Cb/84

Partial Atrophy of Lungs

CARSWELL/Cb/85

CARSWELL/Cb/85

Perforation of Pleura Followed by Pleuritis and Pneumothorax

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/86

CARSWELL/Cb/86

Tubercles in the Lungs

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/87

CARSWELL/Cb/87

Pleuritis and Tubercles

Apr 1928

CARSWELL/Cb/88

CARSWELL/Cb/88

Phthisis Pulmonalis

Apr 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/89

CARSWELL/Cb/89

Tubercles in the Lungs, Liver and Spleen

1820s?

CARSWELL/Cb/90

CARSWELL/Cb/90

Perforation of the Pleura

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/91

CARSWELL/Cb/91

Tubercles of the Lung, Liver, Spleen, Kidney and Heart

1820?

CARSWELL/Cb/92

CARSWELL/Cb/92

Hepatization of a Single Lobule of the Lung.

Jul 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/94

CARSWELL/Cb/94

Pulmonary Abscess

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/Cb/95

CARSWELL/Cb/95

Pus in the Tissue and Veins of the Lung

Jul 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/96

CARSWELL/Cb/96

Lobular Peripneumonia

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/Cb/99

CARSWELL/Cb/99

Gangrene of the Lungs

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/100

CARSWELL/Cb/100

Fibro-cartilaginous Cyst in the Lungs

Nov 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/101

CARSWELL/Cb/101

Cancer of the Lung

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/102

CARSWELL/Cb/102

Cerebriform Cancer of the Lungs

Feb 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/103

CARSWELL/Cb/103

Cancerous Tumours in the Lung

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/Cb/104

CARSWELL/Cb/104

Cerebriform and Fibriniform Tumour of the Lungs

1827

CARSWELL/Cb/304

CARSWELL/Cb/304

Cretaceous Matter in the Summits of the Lungs

Sep 1829

CARSWELL/Cb/305

CARSWELL/Cb/305

Phthisis

1820s?

CARSWELL/Cb/307

CARSWELL/Cb/307

Pneumonia

1820s?

CARSWELL/Cb/308

CARSWELL/Cb/308

Pulmonary Abscesses

1829

CARSWELL/Cb/309

CARSWELL/Cb/309

Dilatation of the Bronchial Tubes

Sep 1829

CARSWELL/Cb/310

CARSWELL/Cb/310

Pleurisy

Sep 1829

CARSWELL/Cb/386

CARSWELL/Cb/386

Calculous Concretion and Dilatation of the Air Cells

CARSWELL/Cb/388

CARSWELL/Cb/388

Dilatation of the Bronchi

Apr 1830

CARSWELL/Cb/389

CARSWELL/Cb/389

Perforation of the Pulmonary Artery

1820s?

CARSWELL/Cb/390

CARSWELL/Cb/390

Perforation of the Pulmonary Artery

1830

CARSWELL/Cb/391

CARSWELL/Cb/391

Emphysema

Apr 1830

CARSWELL/Cb/467

CARSWELL/Cb/467

Bronchi

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/468

CARSWELL/Cb/468

Tubercular Consolidation and Gangrene of the Lung

Apr 1829

CARSWELL/Cb/469

CARSWELL/Cb/469

Smallpox: Congestion and Putrfaction of the Lung

Sep 1830

CARSWELL/Cb/472

CARSWELL/Cb/472

False Membrane of the Lung

Sep 1830

CARSWELL/Cb/484

CARSWELL/Cb/484

Inflammation of the Pleura Costalis

Sep 1830

CARSWELL/Cb/485

CARSWELL/Cb/485

Pleura Peritonites: Vascular False Membrane

1830

CARSWELL/Cb/546

CARSWELL/Cb/546

Lung Cancer

1830

CARSWELL/Cb/547

CARSWELL/Cb/547

Bronchi: Dilatation and Obliteration

1830

CARSWELL/Cb/548

CARSWELL/Cb/548

Bronchi: Dilatation and Obliteration.

1830

CARSWELL/Cb/549

CARSWELL/Cb/549

Bronchi: Dilatation and Obliteration

1830

CARSWELL/Cb/550

CARSWELL/Cb/550

Coagulable Lymph on the Diaphragm

Apr 1831

CARSWELL/Cb/551

CARSWELL/Cb/551

Perforation of the Diaphragm

Mar 1831

CARSWELL/Cb/552

CARSWELL/Cb/552

Fibrine in the Pulmonary Veins, Tuberculous in the Lung

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/Cb/553

CARSWELL/Cb/553

Lung: Coagulable Lymph

Apr 1831

CARSWELL/Cb/554

CARSWELL/Cb/554

Globular Dilatation of Bronchi

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/555

CARSWELL/Cb/555

Tuberculous: Bronchi of an Ox

1830

CARSWELL/Cb/562

CARSWELL/Cb/562

Tuberculous: Bronchi and Air Cells

Apr 1829

CARSWELL/Cb/563

CARSWELL/Cb/563

Tuberculous: Bronchi and Air Cells

1830s

CARSWELL/Cb/564

CARSWELL/Cb/564

Tuberculous: Bronchi

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Cb/565

CARSWELL/Cb/565

Tuberculous: Bonchi and Air Cells

Jul 1831

CARSWELL/Cb/566

CARSWELL/Cb/566

Tuberculous: Pleura, Spleen, Lungs and Bronchila Glands

Mar 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/567

CARSWELL/Cb/567

Interlobular Emphysema and Dried Lung

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/568

CARSWELL/Cb/568

Crude Tubercles and Bronchial Haemorrhage

Feb 1831

CARSWELL/Cb/569

CARSWELL/Cb/569

Lungs: Tubercle and Pneumonia

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/570

CARSWELL/Cb/570

Pulmonary Excavation and Perforation of the Pleura

1831

CARSWELL/Cb/571

CARSWELL/Cb/571

Gangrene of the Lung

Jan 1831

CARSWELL/Cb/572

CARSWELL/Cb/572

Cerebriform Tumours in the Lungs

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/574

CARSWELL/Cb/574

Cancer of Oesophagus, Abscess of Lung, Perforation of Trachea

Feb 1831

CARSWELL/Cb/575

CARSWELL/Cb/575

Tubercles: Lung of the Lion

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/576

CARSWELL/Cb/576

Tubercles in a Monkey

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/577

CARSWELL/Cb/577

Phthisis Pulmonalis in a Monkey

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/578a

CARSWELL/Cb/578a

Tubercles in a Monkey

1830

CARSWELL/Cb/578b

CARSWELL/Cb/578b

Monkey Bronchial Glands and Trachea

Mar 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/579

CARSWELL/Cb/579

Entozoa in Bronchi

1830

CARSWELL/Cb/580

CARSWELL/Cb/580

Congested lung (?)

Mar 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/581

CARSWELL/Cb/581

Purulent Infiltration of the Lung

Nov 1836

CARSWELL/Cb/582

CARSWELL/Cb/582

Incipient Tubercles on the Lung

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/584

CARSWELL/Cb/584

Inflammation of a Sheep's Air Passages Sheep

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/681

CARSWELL/Cb/681

Encysted Tubercle in a Sheep's Lung

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/736

CARSWELL/Cb/736

Bronchitis

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/737

CARSWELL/Cb/737

Bronchial polypi

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/738

CARSWELL/Cb/738

Inflammation of the Pleura

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/739

CARSWELL/Cb/739

Inflamed Pleura

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/740

CARSWELL/Cb/740

Inflammation of the Pleura

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/741

CARSWELL/Cb/741

Pleura Costalis and Pleura Pulmonalis

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/742

CARSWELL/Cb/742

Inflammation of Lung: Pleura Costalis Posteriorly

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/743

CARSWELL/Cb/743

Chronic Inflammation of the Pleura Pulmonalis

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/744

CARSWELL/Cb/744

Pneumonia: Exudation of Blood

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/745

CARSWELL/Cb/745

Gangrenous Lung

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/747

CARSWELL/Cb/747

Miliary Tubercles in Lungs

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/748

CARSWELL/Cb/748

Magnified vesicular tubercles

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/749

CARSWELL/Cb/749

Vesicles Surrounded by Dark Matter

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/750

CARSWELL/Cb/750

Vesicular Miliary Progressive and Mature Tubercles

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/751

CARSWELL/Cb/751

Tubercles in Lungs

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/752

CARSWELL/Cb/752

A Section of Lung with Large Tubercles

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/753

CARSWELL/Cb/753

Large Tubercles on External Surface of Lung

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/754

CARSWELL/Cb/754

Tubercles in Lungs

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/755

CARSWELL/Cb/755

Tubercles in Lung

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/756

CARSWELL/Cb/756

Cavities from Tubercular Vomicae

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/757

CARSWELL/Cb/757

An Extensive Tubercular Vomica

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/759

CARSWELL/Cb/759

Brown Tubercles in Lungs

1830s

CARSWELL/Cb/760

CARSWELL/Cb/760

Disease of Lung

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/761

CARSWELL/Cb/761

Lungs and heart: Cancer

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/880

CARSWELL/Cb/880

Tubercles and Tuberculous Excavations

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/881

CARSWELL/Cb/881

Tubercles and Tuberculous Excavations of Lungs, and Tubercular Ulceration of Intestines

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/882

CARSWELL/Cb/882

Tubercles and Tuberculous Excavations, and Ulceration of Larynx

Mar 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/883

CARSWELL/Cb/883

Gangrene and Pneumonia

Dec 1836

CARSWELL/Cb/884

CARSWELL/Cb/884

Lung Pneumonia

Feb 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/885

CARSWELL/Cb/885

Tubercles: Large Tubercular Excavation

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/886

CARSWELL/Cb/886

Tubercles: Inflammation and Ulceration of Bronchi

Mar 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/887

CARSWELL/Cb/887

Bony Transformation of Air-Cells

Jan 1829

CARSWELL/Cb/888

CARSWELL/Cb/888

Dilatation of Bronchi

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/889

CARSWELL/Cb/889

Melanotic Tumour and Spurious Melanoma

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/890

CARSWELL/Cb/890

Tubercles and Modes of Cure: Tubercular Phthisis.

1830

CARSWELL/Cb/891

CARSWELL/Cb/891

Monkey: Tubercular Emphysema and Atrophy of Lung

Aug 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/892

CARSWELL/Cb/892

Interlobular Emphysema

1820s?

CARSWELL/Cb/893

CARSWELL/Cb/893

Bronchitis

1837

CARSWELL/Cb/894

CARSWELL/Cb/894

Medullary: Sarcoma of Lungs and Pulmonary Vein

1827

CARSWELL/Cb/895

CARSWELL/Cb/895

Rabbit: Tuberculous

1820s?

CARSWELL/Cb/896

CARSWELL/Cb/896

Monkey: Tubercles in Bronchial Glands

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/897

CARSWELL/Cb/897

Monkey: Lungs, Heart and Kidney

1830

CARSWELL/Cb/898

CARSWELL/Cb/898

Lion: Tubercles in Lungs

1830

CARSWELL/Cb/899

CARSWELL/Cb/899

Cow: Large Bronchial Tubes Filled with Tuberculous Matter

Jan 1829

CARSWELL/Cb/900

CARSWELL/Cb/900

Horse: Interlobular and Subpleural Emphysema

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/901

CARSWELL/Cb/901

Horse: Pneumonia

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/902

CARSWELL/Cb/902

Dilatation of Bronchi

1828

CARSWELL/Cb/903

CARSWELL/Cb/903

Purpura of the lungs

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/904

CARSWELL/Cb/904

Pulmonary Haemorrhage

Feb 1833

CARSWELL/Cb/905

CARSWELL/Cb/905

Lung: Pneumonia.

1830s?

CARSWELL/Cb/906

CARSWELL/Cb/906

Pulmonary Apoplexy

May 1827

CARSWELL/Cb/907

CARSWELL/Cb/907

Pneumonia Occurring in Typhus and Interlobular Emphysema.

Dec 1836

CARSWELL/Cb/908

CARSWELL/Cb/908

Pneumonia and Tubercular Phthisis

Oct 1826

CARSWELL/Cb/910

CARSWELL/Cb/910

Gangrene of the Right Lung

1827

CARSWELL/Cb/911

CARSWELL/Cb/911

Lung: Gangrene, Sphacelus and Emphysema

1832

CARSWELL/Cb/912

CARSWELL/Cb/912

Horse: Tubercles in Lung, Bronchial and Tracheal Glands

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/913

CARSWELL/Cb/913

Monkey: Tubercles in Lung and Ulceration of Larynx

May 1828

CARSWELL/Cb/924

CARSWELL/Cb/924

Melanosis: Lung, Pleura, Liver and Peritoneum

1831

CARSWELL/Cb/925

CARSWELL/Cb/925

Sheep: Serous Cyst

May 1831

CARSWELL/Cb/926

CARSWELL/Cb/926

Bronchi: Entozoa

1830s?

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