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CARSWELL

CARSWELL

Carswell Drawings

1827-1864

Sir Robert Carswell's anatomical drawings, with manuscript notes describing the cases illustrated, 1827-1838, and a manuscript catalogue, dated 1864.
The collection contains many items of historical significance, notably the first illustrations of the pathology in Hodgkin's Disease, the first portrayal of the lesions on the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis and the first depictions of iron deficiency anaemia. It comprises over around a thousand finely drafted watercolour and ink drawings, of various dimensions, depicting diseased structures divided into groups by subject.
Not all the drawings in the collection are by Carswell himself. Other named artists are Johnson Savage (17 drawings), W P Cocks (5 drawings) and H B Tuson (1 drawing). There is also an artist known simply by the initials "J A" (3 drawings) and some case notes are signed by B[enjamin] Clarke (3 drawings). In addition there are two (identical) uncoloured printed lithographs, and one unsigned drawing, dated Calcutta, 1852. Carswell's drawings are usually signed, or at least initialled by him, with the date and location on the verso. They date from September 1825 to March 1839, with those dated 1825 to early 1831 having Parisian locations. As well as the hospitals, zoo and abattoirs mentioned previously, some have names of doctors - presumably private cases which Carswell observed. One drawing has the inscription "Santo Spirito 1826", i.e. the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, the oldest hospital in Rome. One other has "St. Valery-sur Somme 1839" on the verso.
Of those executed in London, the majority were done at the North London or University College Hospital. Other locations are the Mount Street Infirmary and the North London Fever Hospital. The Fever Hospital was established for smallpox patients in 1802, in Gray's Inn Road, and moved to Liverpool Road, Islington in 1848.
Many drawings have several numbers on them but Carswell seems to have settled on the seventeen categories [A, B, Ca, Cb, D, E, Fa, Fb, Fc, Fd, G, Ha, Hb, Hc, I, K & L], each dealing with a part of the body or type of disease. The drawings were obviously once numbered in a continuous sequence from 1 to 1,035 but were then arranged into their respective groups which explains the seeming gaps in numbering.
The original drawings vary considerably in size, from as little as 4 x 4 cm to as much as 45 x 30 cm and above. Most are painted in watercolours. Over the years they were much used and handled, becoming very dirty and damaged, particularly at the edges. A project to conserve and re-house the drawings was completed in 2007. The drawings were digitised in 2017 and are now available online.

See Record View

Title Drawings of Brains, Spinal Cord
Date1 Apr 1826-1838
StorageSite

UCL Special Collections

Records included here:
CARSWELL/D/35

CARSWELL/D/35

Cancer: Fungus, Haematodes and Melanosis of the Eye

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/D/56

CARSWELL/D/56

Melanosis of the Brain

Sep 1827

CARSWELL/D/105

CARSWELL/D/105

Blood: Arachnoid and Dura Mater.

Sep 1827

CARSWELL/D/106

CARSWELL/D/106

Tumour: Dura Mater

1827

CARSWELL/D/107

CARSWELL/D/107

Brain Tumour: Dura Mater

CARSWELL/D/108

CARSWELL/D/108

Bone between the Arachnoid and Pia Mater

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/D/109

CARSWELL/D/109

Softening of the Brain

1827

CARSWELL/D/110

CARSWELL/D/110

Softening of the Brain

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/D/111

CARSWELL/D/111

Pia Mater: Inflammation

1820s?

CARSWELL/D/112

CARSWELL/D/112

Abscess of the Brain

Jan 1829

CARSWELL/D/113

CARSWELL/D/113

Abscess of the Brain

1827

CARSWELL/D/114

CARSWELL/D/114

Appearances in Apoplexy

1827

CARSWELL/D/116

CARSWELL/D/116

Haemorrhage: Dura Mater & Arachnoid. Apoplexy: Membranes of the Brain

1827

CARSWELL/D/117

CARSWELL/D/117

Rupture of the Vessels of the Brain

Mar 1828

CARSWELL/D/120

CARSWELL/D/120

Multi-locular Apoplexy

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/D/121

CARSWELL/D/121

Apoplectic Cysts

1820s?

CARSWELL/D/122

CARSWELL/D/122

Brain: Apoplectic Cyst

Sep 1827

CARSWELL/D/123

CARSWELL/D/123

Apoplexy: Pons Varioli

1820s?

CARSWELL/D/124

CARSWELL/D/124

Hemisphere: Cavity

1830

CARSWELL/D/125

CARSWELL/D/125

Corpus Striatum, Atrophy of Thalamus and Pons Varioli

1828

CARSWELL/D/126

CARSWELL/D/126

Tumour in the cerebellum

Sep 1827

CARSWELL/D/127

CARSWELL/D/127

Cerebriform Tumour of the Cerebellum

1826

CARSWELL/D/128

CARSWELL/D/128

Hydrocephalus

1827

CARSWELL/D/129

CARSWELL/D/129

Dropsy of the Sacral Nerves

May 1828

CARSWELL/D/130

CARSWELL/D/130

Ossification of Spinal Marrow. Inflammation and Suppuration of Dura Mater.

1827

CARSWELL/D/311

CARSWELL/D/311

Tuberculous: Brain and Cerebellum

1820s?

CARSWELL/D/312

CARSWELL/D/312

Abscess of the Brain

May 1829

CARSWELL/D/313

CARSWELL/D/313

Acute Abscess of the Brain

Aug 1829

CARSWELL/D/314

CARSWELL/D/314

Apoplectic Cyst in the Corpus Striatum

Jul 1829

CARSWELL/D/315

CARSWELL/D/315

Cerebellum, Pons Variolii, Carcinoma

Jul 1829

CARSWELL/D/316

CARSWELL/D/316

Inflammation and Suppuration of the spinal cord

Aug 1829

CARSWELL/D/317

CARSWELL/D/317

Meatus Auditorius Externus

1829

CARSWELL/D/318

CARSWELL/D/318

Membrana Tympani

1829

CARSWELL/D/391

CARSWELL/D/391

Softening of Brain & Cerebellum

Nov 1829

CARSWELL/D/392a

CARSWELL/D/392a

Corpus Striatum and Thalamus Opticus: Apoplexy

1820s?

CARSWELL/D/392b

CARSWELL/D/392b

Brain: Paralytic Lunatic

Jan 1830

CARSWELL/D/393

CARSWELL/D/393

Cerebellum: Tubercle

1830

CARSWELL/D/394

CARSWELL/D/394

Thalmus Opticus: Tubercle

1820s?

CARSWELL/D/395

CARSWELL/D/395

Congenital Atrophy of Brain and Cerebellum

1830

CARSWELL/D/396

CARSWELL/D/396

Clots in Arteries of Brain and Dilatation of the Ventricles

1829

CARSWELL/D/397

CARSWELL/D/397

Crus Cerebri

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/398

CARSWELL/D/398

Atrophy: Right Hemisphere Dilatation: Lateral Ventricle

1830

CARSWELL/D/399

CARSWELL/D/399

Dilatation and Dropsy of the Ventricles

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/400

CARSWELL/D/400

Hydrocephalus: The Patient an Idiot

Mar 1830

CARSWELL/D/401

CARSWELL/D/401

Convolutions of brain: atrophy & oedema (ossification of arteries)

Mar 1830

CARSWELL/D/402

CARSWELL/D/402

Hysteria, Mental Derangement, Chorea and Atrophy of Brain and Cerebellum.

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/403

CARSWELL/D/403

Paralysis, Ossification of Arteries in the Brain: Softening of Corpus Striatum and Thalamus Opticus

Mar 1830

CARSWELL/D/404

CARSWELL/D/404

Dropsy of the Fifth Ventricle

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/405

CARSWELL/D/405

Haemorrhage: Arachnoid and Pia Mater

1830

CARSWELL/D/406

CARSWELL/D/406

Atrophy of Anterior Lobe of Left Hemisphere

Apr 1830

CARSWELL/D/407

CARSWELL/D/407

Ventricles, Pia Mater, Cerebellum: Cysticerci.

1830

CARSWELL/D/408

CARSWELL/D/408

Portrait of a Female Idiot

Mar 1830

CARSWELL/D/409

CARSWELL/D/409

Obliteration of the Iris and Pupil

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/440

CARSWELL/D/440

Atrophy of corpus striatum & medulla oblongata (left); softening of posterior lobe of brain (left?)

CARSWELL/D/441

CARSWELL/D/441

Cerebriform Tumour

1830

CARSWELL/D/442

CARSWELL/D/442

BrainTumour: Epithelioma

1829

CARSWELL/D/443

CARSWELL/D/443

Brain: Depressions Produced by Exostosia

Jun 1830

CARSWELL/D/444

CARSWELL/D/444

Carcinomatous Tumour: Sella Turcica

1830

CARSWELL/D/445

CARSWELL/D/445

Anomalous Disease of the Spinal Cord and Pons Varioli [Multiple Sclerosis]

1830

CARSWELL/D/479

CARSWELL/D/479

Adhesion of the Cornea to the Lower Eyelid

May 1830

CARSWELL/D/480

CARSWELL/D/480

Hypopium

1829

CARSWELL/D/585

CARSWELL/D/585

Softening of the Cerebellum

1830?

CARSWELL/D/586

CARSWELL/D/586

Apoplexy: Blood effused into the thalamus and Ancient Apoplectic Cyst

Dec 1826

CARSWELL/D/587

CARSWELL/D/587

Apoplexy of Brain and Serous Cysts

Dec 1828

CARSWELL/D/588

CARSWELL/D/588

Pons Variolii: Softening from Inflammation

1831

CARSWELL/D/589

CARSWELL/D/589

Pons Variolii: Compression by Fibrinous Tumours

1831

CARSWELL/D/590

CARSWELL/D/590

Apoplectic Cyst in Corpus Striatum

1830s

CARSWELL/D/591

CARSWELL/D/591

Spinal Cord: Tubercle

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/592

CARSWELL/D/592

Haemorrhage of Pia Mater and Brain

1827

CARSWELL/D/593

CARSWELL/D/593

Softening and Haemorrhage of Brain

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/594

CARSWELL/D/594

Suppuration of the Medulla Spinalis

Jul 1830

CARSWELL/D/595a

CARSWELL/D/595a

Apoplexy and Inflammatory Softening of Thalamus Opticus

1838

CARSWELL/D/595b

CARSWELL/D/595b

Suppuration of the Membranes of the Brain

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/762

CARSWELL/D/762

Suppuration of the Dura Mater

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/763

CARSWELL/D/763

Inflammation of the dura and pia mater

Apr 1826

CARSWELL/D/764

CARSWELL/D/764

Congestion & Inflammation of the Pia Mater

1830s

CARSWELL/D/765

CARSWELL/D/765

Inflammation: Pia Mater & Brain

CARSWELL/D/766

CARSWELL/D/766

Fungus: Dura Mater

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/767

CARSWELL/D/767

First stage of inflammation in the brain. Inflammation of the Pia Mater

Apr 1826

CARSWELL/D/768

CARSWELL/D/768

Inflammation of the Cerebellum & Spinal Cord.

1820s?

CARSWELL/D/769

CARSWELL/D/769

Inflammation of Medulla Oblongata and Spinal Cord

Apr 1826

CARSWELL/D/770

CARSWELL/D/770

Softening of Thalamus and Corpus Striatum

1820s?

CARSWELL/D/771

CARSWELL/D/771

Tumour with Softening and Suppuration of Brain

1820s?

CARSWELL/D/772

CARSWELL/D/772

Softening of Tuber Annuluie

1820s?

CARSWELL/D/773

CARSWELL/D/773

Apoplexy

1820s?

CARSWELL/D/774

CARSWELL/D/774

Large Hydatid Situated in the Brain

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/775

CARSWELL/D/775

Hydatids: Cellular Tissue of the Velum Interpositum

1830s

CARSWELL/D/776

CARSWELL/D/776

Plenus Choroides

1830s

CARSWELL/D/777

CARSWELL/D/777

Large Round Tubercle: Fourth Ventricle of the Brain

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/778

CARSWELL/D/778

Tubercles: Substances of the Cerebellum

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/929

CARSWELL/D/929

Inflammation and Softening of the Brain

1830s

CARSWELL/D/930

CARSWELL/D/930

Haemorrhage of the Cerebellum

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/931

CARSWELL/D/931

Meningal haemorrhage

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/932

CARSWELL/D/932

Fibrinous Coagula: Sinuses and Veins

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/933

CARSWELL/D/933

Inflammation & Suppuration of Membranes of One Hemisphere

1835

CARSWELL/D/934

CARSWELL/D/934

Inflammartion of Dura Mater and Effusion of Coagulable Lymph

Dec 1836

CARSWELL/D/935

CARSWELL/D/935

Inflammation, Softening and Suppuration of Spinal Cord

1830s?

CARSWELL/D/937

CARSWELL/D/937

Inflammation of the Membranes of the Brain

1830s

CARSWELL/D/UN

CARSWELL/D/UN

Between Layers of Arachnoid: Haemorrhage (Unnumbered Drawing)

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