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CARSWELL

CARSWELL

Carswell Drawings

1827-1864

Sir Robert Carswell's anatomical drawings, with manuscript notes describing the cases illustrated, 1827-1838, and a manuscript catalogue, dated 1864.
The collection contains many items of historical significance, notably the first illustrations of the pathology in Hodgkin's Disease, the first portrayal of the lesions on the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis and the first depictions of iron deficiency anaemia. It comprises over around a thousand finely drafted watercolour and ink drawings, of various dimensions, depicting diseased structures divided into groups by subject.
Not all the drawings in the collection are by Carswell himself. Other named artists are Johnson Savage (17 drawings), W P Cocks (5 drawings) and H B Tuson (1 drawing). There is also an artist known simply by the initials "J A" (3 drawings) and some case notes are signed by B[enjamin] Clarke (3 drawings). In addition there are two (identical) uncoloured printed lithographs, and one unsigned drawing, dated Calcutta, 1852. Carswell's drawings are usually signed, or at least initialled by him, with the date and location on the verso. They date from September 1825 to March 1839, with those dated 1825 to early 1831 having Parisian locations. As well as the hospitals, zoo and abattoirs mentioned previously, some have names of doctors - presumably private cases which Carswell observed. One drawing has the inscription "Santo Spirito 1826", i.e. the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, the oldest hospital in Rome. One other has "St. Valery-sur Somme 1839" on the verso.
Of those executed in London, the majority were done at the North London or University College Hospital. Other locations are the Mount Street Infirmary and the North London Fever Hospital. The Fever Hospital was established for smallpox patients in 1802, in Gray's Inn Road, and moved to Liverpool Road, Islington in 1848.
Many drawings have several numbers on them but Carswell seems to have settled on the seventeen categories [A, B, Ca, Cb, D, E, Fa, Fb, Fc, Fd, G, Ha, Hb, Hc, I, K & L], each dealing with a part of the body or type of disease. The drawings were obviously once numbered in a continuous sequence from 1 to 1,035 but were then arranged into their respective groups which explains the seeming gaps in numbering.
The original drawings vary considerably in size, from as little as 4 x 4 cm to as much as 45 x 30 cm and above. Most are painted in watercolours. Over the years they were much used and handled, becoming very dirty and damaged, particularly at the edges. A project to conserve and re-house the drawings was completed in 2007. The drawings were digitised in 2017 and are now available online.

See Record View

Title Drawings of oesophagus and stomach
Date1 1827-Mar 1837
StorageSite

UCL Special Collections

Records included here:
CARSWELL/Fa/141

CARSWELL/Fa/141

Stricture of the oesophagus

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fa/142

CARSWELL/Fa/142

Ulceration of the Oesophagus

1820s

CARSWELL/Fa/143

CARSWELL/Fa/143

Aphtha of the Tongue, Softening and Perforation of the Stomach

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Fa/144

CARSWELL/Fa/144

Aphtha of the Tongue, Follicular Inflammation and Ulceration of the Stomach

May 1828

CARSWELL/Fa/145

CARSWELL/Fa/145

Petechia of the Mucous Membrane of the Stomach

July 1828

CARSWELL/Fa/146

CARSWELL/Fa/146

Petechia on the Mucous Membrane of the Stomach

Apr 1828

CARSWELL/Fa/147

CARSWELL/Fa/147

Perforation of the Stomach and Black Discolouration of the Blood

1827

CARSWELL/Fa/150

CARSWELL/Fa/150

Scirrhus of the Stomach

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fa/157

CARSWELL/Fa/157

Cancer: Perforation of the Stomach and Transverse Arch of the Colon

May 1828

CARSWELL/Fa/158

CARSWELL/Fa/158

Cancer of the Stomach

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/Fa/160

CARSWELL/Fa/160

Inflammation and Ulceration of the Stomach

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/Fa/161

CARSWELL/Fa/161

Stomach and Cancer of the Epiploon

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Fa/162

CARSWELL/Fa/162

Sarcomatous Tumour in the Stomach and Duodenum

1827

CARSWELL/Fa/163

CARSWELL/Fa/163

Cancer of the Stomach

Jul 1828

CARSWELL/Fa/164

CARSWELL/Fa/164

Scirrhus, Gangrene and Perforation of the Stomach. Chronic Peritonitis

Feb 1828

CARSWELL/Fa/165

CARSWELL/Fa/165

Cerebriform Cancer of the Stomach

Sep 1828

CARSWELL/Fa/223

CARSWELL/Fa/223

Cancer of the Stomach with Tumours in the Liver

1827

CARSWELL/Fa/323

CARSWELL/Fa/323

Cancer of Pyloric Orifice of Stomach

Jul 1829

CARSWELL/Fa/324

CARSWELL/Fa/324

Cancer of Stomach and Lymphatic Glands

Aug 1829

CARSWELL/Fa/325

CARSWELL/Fa/325

Cancer of Stomach, Liver and Lymphatic Glands

Aug 1829

CARSWELL/Fa/326

CARSWELL/Fa/326

Cancer of stomach, Chronic Peritonitis

Aug 1829

CARSWELL/Fa/327

CARSWELL/Fa/327

Prolongation of the Mucous Membrane near the Pylorus

Jul 1829

CARSWELL/Fa/328

CARSWELL/Fa/328

Softening and Perforation of the Stomach

Aug 1829

CARSWELL/Fa/329

CARSWELL/Fa/329

Cancer of the Stomach

Jul 1829

CARSWELL/Fa/330

CARSWELL/Fa/330

Cancer of the Stomach, Liver Duodenum and Lymphatic Glands

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Fa/331

CARSWELL/Fa/331

Cancer of Stomach: Perforation

Sep 1829

CARSWELL/Fa/413

CARSWELL/Fa/413

Haemorrhage into Stomach and Mucous Glands Enlarged

Oct 1829

CARSWELL/Fa/414

CARSWELL/Fa/414

Congestion of the Mucous Membrane of the Stomach

Jan 1830

CARSWELL/Fa/415

CARSWELL/Fa/415

Dissolution of the Stomach with Discolouration of the Blood

1829

CARSWELL/Fa/416

CARSWELL/Fa/416

Dissolution of the Fundus of the Stomach

1829

CARSWELL/Fa/452

CARSWELL/Fa/452

Tumours of the Mucous Membrane of the Stomach

Jun 1830

CARSWELL/Fa/453

CARSWELL/Fa/453

Perforation of Stomach and Diaphragm

Jun 1830

CARSWELL/Fa/454

CARSWELL/Fa/454

Scirrhus of Pylorus: Hypertrophy of Muscular Coat of Stomach

Apr 1829

CARSWELL/Fa/455

CARSWELL/Fa/455

Cancer of Pylorus with Great Distension of the Stomach

Sep 1830

CARSWELL/Fa/456

CARSWELL/Fa/456

Scirrhus of the Pylorus, Softening of the Mucous Membrane, Discolouration of the Blood

Sep 1830

CARSWELL/Fa/457

CARSWELL/Fa/457

Stomach: Scirrhus

1830

CARSWELL/Fa/458

CARSWELL/Fa/458

Ulceration of the Pharynx

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Fa/460

CARSWELL/Fa/460

Scirrhus of Pylorus: Lymphatic Vessels and Glands Enlarged

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Fa/596

CARSWELL/Fa/596

Chronic Ulceration of Stomach

Dec 1830

CARSWELL/Fa/597

CARSWELL/Fa/597

Cancer of the Stomach, Perforation of Stomach and Colon, Gangrene of liver

Mar 1831

CARSWELL/Fa/598

CARSWELL/Fa/598

Cancerous Ulceration of the Stomach

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fa/599

CARSWELL/Fa/599

Cancer of Stomach

Nov 1830

CARSWELL/Fa/600

CARSWELL/Fa/600

Cancer of Oesophagus

1830s

CARSWELL/Fa/608

CARSWELL/Fa/608

Circumscribed Yellow Discoloration of Mucous Membrane of Stomach

Aug 1832

CARSWELL/Fa/609

CARSWELL/Fa/609

Cancer of stomach, tubercular peritonitis

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Fa/610

CARSWELL/Fa/610

Cancer of Stomach Terminating in Gangrene.

1830

CARSWELL/Fa/611

CARSWELL/Fa/611

Pultaceous Matter in the Oesophagus (Typhoid Fever)

Feb 1831

CARSWELL/Fa/612

CARSWELL/Fa/612

Ulceration and Perforation of Stomach

Dec 1836

CARSWELL/Fa/613

CARSWELL/Fa/613

Rabbit: Perforation of Stomach

1830

CARSWELL/Fa/614

CARSWELL/Fa/614

Cow: Reticulum

1831

CARSWELL/Fa/615

CARSWELL/Fa/615

Poisoning by Iodide of Arsenic

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fa/616

CARSWELL/Fa/616

Poisoning by Iodide of Arsenic (Introduced into a Wound)

1830s

CARSWELL/Fa/617

CARSWELL/Fa/617

Poisoning by Corrosive Sublimate

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fa/618

CARSWELL/Fa/618

Poisoning by Tartarised Antimony

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fa/779

CARSWELL/Fa/779

Inflammation of Pharynx

CARSWELL/Fa/780

CARSWELL/Fa/780

Thrush: White Matter Lingin pharynx and Oesophagus

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fa/781

CARSWELL/Fa/781

Extensive Ulceration of Oesophagus

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fa/782

CARSWELL/Fa/782

Ulcers and Strictures of the Oesophagus

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fa/783

CARSWELL/Fa/783

Stomach: Inverted, Mucous Lining Affected by Inflammation

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fa/784

CARSWELL/Fa/784

Extensive Ulceration of the Stomach near the Pylorus

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fa/785

CARSWELL/Fa/785

Inflammation of the Mucous Membrane of Stomach

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fa/786

CARSWELL/Fa/786

Sero-gastritis

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fa/943

CARSWELL/Fa/943

Softening of the Stomach

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fa/944

CARSWELL/Fa/944

Rabbit: Softening of the Stomach, Discolouration of Blood

1829

CARSWELL/Fa/945

CARSWELL/Fa/945

Inflammation of Stomach: Ulceration and Haemorrhage of Duodenum

Feb 1834

CARSWELL/Fa/946

CARSWELL/Fa/946

Chronic Inflammation and Ulceration of the Stomach and Duodenum

Feb 1837

CARSWELL/Fa/947

CARSWELL/Fa/947

Stomach: Perforation of the Fundus

1828

CARSWELL/Fa/948

CARSWELL/Fa/948

Stomach: Perforation of the Fundus

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/Fa/949

CARSWELL/Fa/949

Pharynx: Phlegmonous Inflammation

1827

CARSWELL/Fa/950

CARSWELL/Fa/950

Rabbit: Softening and Perforation of Stomach, Softening of Peritoneum

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Fa/951

CARSWELL/Fa/951

Gangrene & sphacelus of pharynx, epiglottis and oesophagus, from large dose of Ant. Tartar: given in pneumonia

Mar 1837

CARSWELL/Fa/952

CARSWELL/Fa/952

Cellular & Fibrous Tissue from Submucous Coat of Stomach

Jul 1829

CARSWELL/Fa/953

CARSWELL/Fa/953

Perforation of Coronary Artery, Stomach.

1832

CARSWELL/Fa/954

CARSWELL/Fa/954

Heart Disease, Mechanical Congestion and Haemorrhage

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fa/955

CARSWELL/Fa/955

Gastritis: Gangrene of Colon

Oct 1833

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