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CARSWELL

CARSWELL

Carswell Drawings

1827-1864

Sir Robert Carswell's anatomical drawings, with manuscript notes describing the cases illustrated, 1827-1838, and a manuscript catalogue, dated 1864.
The collection contains many items of historical significance, notably the first illustrations of the pathology in Hodgkin's Disease, the first portrayal of the lesions on the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis and the first depictions of iron deficiency anaemia. It comprises over around a thousand finely drafted watercolour and ink drawings, of various dimensions, depicting diseased structures divided into groups by subject.
Not all the drawings in the collection are by Carswell himself. Other named artists are Johnson Savage (17 drawings), W P Cocks (5 drawings) and H B Tuson (1 drawing). There is also an artist known simply by the initials "J A" (3 drawings) and some case notes are signed by B[enjamin] Clarke (3 drawings). In addition there are two (identical) uncoloured printed lithographs, and one unsigned drawing, dated Calcutta, 1852. Carswell's drawings are usually signed, or at least initialled by him, with the date and location on the verso. They date from September 1825 to March 1839, with those dated 1825 to early 1831 having Parisian locations. As well as the hospitals, zoo and abattoirs mentioned previously, some have names of doctors - presumably private cases which Carswell observed. One drawing has the inscription "Santo Spirito 1826", i.e. the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, the oldest hospital in Rome. One other has "St. Valery-sur Somme 1839" on the verso.
Of those executed in London, the majority were done at the North London or University College Hospital. Other locations are the Mount Street Infirmary and the North London Fever Hospital. The Fever Hospital was established for smallpox patients in 1802, in Gray's Inn Road, and moved to Liverpool Road, Islington in 1848.
Many drawings have several numbers on them but Carswell seems to have settled on the seventeen categories [A, B, Ca, Cb, D, E, Fa, Fb, Fc, Fd, G, Ha, Hb, Hc, I, K & L], each dealing with a part of the body or type of disease. The drawings were obviously once numbered in a continuous sequence from 1 to 1,035 but were then arranged into their respective groups which explains the seeming gaps in numbering.
The original drawings vary considerably in size, from as little as 4 x 4 cm to as much as 45 x 30 cm and above. Most are painted in watercolours. Over the years they were much used and handled, becoming very dirty and damaged, particularly at the edges. A project to conserve and re-house the drawings was completed in 2007. The drawings were digitised in 2017 and are now available online.

See Record View

Title Drawings of Liver, Spleen and Pancreas
Date1 Nov 1826-1832
StorageSite

UCL Special Collections

Records included here:
CARSWELL/Fc/81

CARSWELL/Fc/81

Gunshot wound of Liver

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fc/98

CARSWELL/Fc/98

Adhesions of the Spleen

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/Fc/201

CARSWELL/Fc/201

Commencement of Fatty Degeneration of the Liver

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Fc/203

CARSWELL/Fc/203

Softening and Congestion of the Liver

Apr 1828

CARSWELL/Fc/204

CARSWELL/Fc/204

Cirrhose of Liver Accompanied with Ascites

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Fc/205

CARSWELL/Fc/205

Tumours of the Liver

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/Fc/206

CARSWELL/Fc/206

Suppuration of the Liver

Nov 1828

CARSWELL/Fc/207

CARSWELL/Fc/207

Abscess of the Liver

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Fc/208

CARSWELL/Fc/208

Inflammation and Suppuration of the Liver.

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/Fc/209

CARSWELL/Fc/209

Abscess in the Liver. Perforation of the Diaphragm. Adhesion of the Lung, Pleurisy

May 1827

CARSWELL/Fc/210

CARSWELL/Fc/210

Encysted Abscess of the Liver

1820s

CARSWELL/Fc/211

CARSWELL/Fc/211

Purulent Infiltration and Abscess of the Liver

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/Fc/212

CARSWELL/Fc/212

Gangrene of the liver

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/Fc/213

CARSWELL/Fc/213

Sloughing and Perforation of the Gall Bladder

Feb 1829

CARSWELL/Fc/214

CARSWELL/Fc/214

Gall Bladder Filled with Calculi

1829

CARSWELL/Fc/215

CARSWELL/Fc/215

Hypertrophy of the Reticular Structure of the Gall Bladder

1829

CARSWELL/Fc/216

CARSWELL/Fc/216

Obstruction and Dilatation of Hepatic and Common Gall Ducts

1829

CARSWELL/Fc/217

CARSWELL/Fc/217

Calculi in the Gall Bladder

1829

CARSWELL/Fc/218

CARSWELL/Fc/218

Double Perforation of the Diaphragm

Nov 1826

CARSWELL/Fc/219

CARSWELL/Fc/219

Cancerous Tumours in the Liver

Jan 1829

CARSWELL/Fc/220

CARSWELL/Fc/220

Cancerous Tumours in the Liver

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/Fc/221

CARSWELL/Fc/221

Cancerous Tumours in the Liver

May 1827

CARSWELL/Fc/222

CARSWELL/Fc/222

Cancerous Tumours in the Liver

Jul 1828

CARSWELL/Fc/224

CARSWELL/Fc/224

Cancerous Tumours in the Liver

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Fc/225

CARSWELL/Fc/225

Cyst of the Liver, Perforation of the Diaphragm, Pleura Pulmonalis.

1820s

CARSWELL/Fc/226

CARSWELL/Fc/226

Cyst formed between the Diaphragm and Spleen, filled with Hydatids

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fc/227

CARSWELL/Fc/227

Hodgkins' Disease, Fungus Haematodes of the Spleen

Apr 1828

CARSWELL/Fc/228

CARSWELL/Fc/228

Abscess of the Spleen

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/Fc/229

CARSWELL/Fc/229

Ulceration and Gangrene of a part of the Spleen

1820s

CARSWELL/Fc/230

CARSWELL/Fc/230

Enlarged Spleen with Tumours formed of a Fibrinous Substance

1827

CARSWELL/Fc/346

CARSWELL/Fc/346

Commencement of Gangrene and Purulent Infiltration of Liver

Aug 1829

CARSWELL/Fc/347

CARSWELL/Fc/347

Longitudinal Depression in the Substance of the Liver

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Fc/348

CARSWELL/Fc/348

Oedema of the Liver

Apr 1829

CARSWELL/Fc/349

CARSWELL/Fc/349

Hypertrophy of Liver, Enlarged Openings of Blood Vessels

Sep 1829

CARSWELL/Fc/350

CARSWELL/Fc/350

Enlarged Gall Bladder

1829

CARSWELL/Fc/420

CARSWELL/Fc/420

Case of Jaundice. Disease of Liver and Gall Bladder

Mar 1830

CARSWELL/Fc/421

CARSWELL/Fc/421

Biliary Concretions situated under the Mucous Membrane of Gall Bladder

1829

CARSWELL/Fc/422

CARSWELL/Fc/422

Biliary Calculi

1829

CARSWELL/Fc/473

CARSWELL/Fc/473

Ossification of the Gall Bladder

Aug 1830

CARSWELL/Fc/474

CARSWELL/Fc/474

Dilatation of Hepatic and Pancreatic Ducts

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Fc/481

CARSWELL/Fc/481

Perforation of the Spleen

May 1830

CARSWELL/Fc/623

CARSWELL/Fc/623

Cancerous Deposit in Lacteals and Mesenteric Glands

Feb 1831

CARSWELL/Fc/624

CARSWELL/Fc/624

Perforation of Gall Bladder and Colon

Feb 1831

CARSWELL/Fc/625

CARSWELL/Fc/625

Ox: Gall Stones

1830

CARSWELL/Fc/626

CARSWELL/Fc/626

Rabbit: Tubercle in the Liver

1830

CARSWELL/Fc/627

CARSWELL/Fc/627

Cirrhosis of Liver of a Zebu

1830

CARSWELL/Fc/628

CARSWELL/Fc/628

Fibrinous Tumour of the Spleen

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/811

CARSWELL/Fc/811

Tubercle in the Liver

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/812

CARSWELL/Fc/812

Liver: Tubercular Deposit and Abscesses

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/813

CARSWELL/Fc/813

Fungus Encephalodes of the Liver

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/814

CARSWELL/Fc/814

Cancer of the Liver

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/815

CARSWELL/Fc/815

Indurated and Cancellated Liver

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/816

CARSWELL/Fc/816

Granular: Nutmeg Liver

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/817

CARSWELL/Fc/817

Hydatids of the Liver

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/818

CARSWELL/Fc/818

Granulated Liver

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/819

CARSWELL/Fc/819

Cyst of the Liver

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/820

CARSWELL/Fc/820

Fungus of Liver

CARSWELL/Fc/821

CARSWELL/Fc/821

Early Stage of Fatty Liver

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/822

CARSWELL/Fc/822

Effusion of Lymph on Serous Membrane of Liver

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/823

CARSWELL/Fc/823

Scirrhus of Liver

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/824

CARSWELL/Fc/824

Abscess in the Liver

Feb 1828

CARSWELL/Fc/825

CARSWELL/Fc/825

Fungus of Liver

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/826

CARSWELL/Fc/826

Enlargement of Biliary Ducts

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/827

CARSWELL/Fc/827

Scrofulous Tubercles of the Spleen

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/878

CARSWELL/Fc/878

Melanosis of the Liver

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/991

CARSWELL/Fc/991

Inflammation of Liver, Brain and Membranes

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/992

CARSWELL/Fc/992

Liver: Formation of Tissue

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/993

CARSWELL/Fc/993

Liver: Inflammation and Softening

May 1831

CARSWELL/Fc/994

CARSWELL/Fc/994

Haemorrhage of Spleen

1832

CARSWELL/Fc/995

CARSWELL/Fc/995

Inflammation of Liver

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/Fc/996

CARSWELL/Fc/996

Biliary Ducts containing Tuberculous Matter

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/997

CARSWELL/Fc/997

Carcinoma of Gall Bladder

Jun 1834

CARSWELL/Fc/998

CARSWELL/Fc/998

Liver: Anaemia

mar 1828

CARSWELL/Fc/999

CARSWELL/Fc/999

Ox: Biliary Calculi

Jul 1829

CARSWELL/Fc/1000

CARSWELL/Fc/1000

Rabbit: Biliary Ducts of the Liver

Dec 1829

CARSWELL/Fc/1001

CARSWELL/Fc/1001

Tubercles in the Spleen

Apr 1831

CARSWELL/Fc/1002

CARSWELL/Fc/1002

Liver: Cirrhosis

1828

CARSWELL/Fc/1003

CARSWELL/Fc/1003

Liver: Cirrhosis

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fc/1004

CARSWELL/Fc/1004

Liver: Cicatrices

Apr 1831

CARSWELL/Fc/1005

CARSWELL/Fc/1005

Liver: Cirrhosis

Mar 1828

CARSWELL/Fc/1006

CARSWELL/Fc/1006

Carcinoma and Melanosis of Liver, Melanosis of Pleura

1832

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