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CARSWELL

CARSWELL

Carswell Drawings

1827-1864

Sir Robert Carswell's anatomical drawings, with manuscript notes describing the cases illustrated, 1827-1838, and a manuscript catalogue, dated 1864.
The collection contains many items of historical significance, notably the first illustrations of the pathology in Hodgkin's Disease, the first portrayal of the lesions on the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis and the first depictions of iron deficiency anaemia. It comprises over around a thousand finely drafted watercolour and ink drawings, of various dimensions, depicting diseased structures divided into groups by subject.
Not all the drawings in the collection are by Carswell himself. Other named artists are Johnson Savage (17 drawings), W P Cocks (5 drawings) and H B Tuson (1 drawing). There is also an artist known simply by the initials "J A" (3 drawings) and some case notes are signed by B[enjamin] Clarke (3 drawings). In addition there are two (identical) uncoloured printed lithographs, and one unsigned drawing, dated Calcutta, 1852. Carswell's drawings are usually signed, or at least initialled by him, with the date and location on the verso. They date from September 1825 to March 1839, with those dated 1825 to early 1831 having Parisian locations. As well as the hospitals, zoo and abattoirs mentioned previously, some have names of doctors - presumably private cases which Carswell observed. One drawing has the inscription "Santo Spirito 1826", i.e. the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, the oldest hospital in Rome. One other has "St. Valery-sur Somme 1839" on the verso.
Of those executed in London, the majority were done at the North London or University College Hospital. Other locations are the Mount Street Infirmary and the North London Fever Hospital. The Fever Hospital was established for smallpox patients in 1802, in Gray's Inn Road, and moved to Liverpool Road, Islington in 1848.
Many drawings have several numbers on them but Carswell seems to have settled on the seventeen categories [A, B, Ca, Cb, D, E, Fa, Fb, Fc, Fd, G, Ha, Hb, Hc, I, K & L], each dealing with a part of the body or type of disease. The drawings were obviously once numbered in a continuous sequence from 1 to 1,035 but were then arranged into their respective groups which explains the seeming gaps in numbering.
The original drawings vary considerably in size, from as little as 4 x 4 cm to as much as 45 x 30 cm and above. Most are painted in watercolours. Over the years they were much used and handled, becoming very dirty and damaged, particularly at the edges. A project to conserve and re-house the drawings was completed in 2007. The drawings were digitised in 2017 and are now available online.

See Record View

Title Drawings of Skin
Date1 Apr 1826-Mar 1837
StorageSite

UCL Special Collections

Records included here:
CARSWELL/Fd/44

CARSWELL/Fd/44

Carcinoma of the Cheek

May 1828

CARSWELL/Fd/63

CARSWELL/Fd/63

Hypertrophy: Increased Development of the Nails

1820s?

CARSWELL/Fd/197

CARSWELL/Fd/197

Skin: Herpes, Phlyctanodes

Apr 1826

CARSWELL/Fd/256

CARSWELL/Fd/256

Enlargement of Sebaceous Follicles of the Scrotum

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/Fd/295

CARSWELL/Fd/295

Gangrene of the Right Cheek

Sep 1829

CARSWELL/Fd/296

CARSWELL/Fd/296

Gangrene of Lower Lip

Aug 1829

CARSWELL/Fd/353

CARSWELL/Fd/353

Variola, Smallpox and Psoriasis

1829

CARSWELL/Fd/355

CARSWELL/Fd/355

Chronic Eczema

1829

CARSWELL/Fd/356

CARSWELL/Fd/356

Lycosis Menti

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Fd/357

CARSWELL/Fd/357

Lupus

May 1829

CARSWELL/Fd/358

CARSWELL/Fd/358

Lupus

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Fd/359

CARSWELL/Fd/359

Lupus

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Fd/361

CARSWELL/Fd/361

Elephantiasis Graecorum: Arm

1829

CARSWELL/Fd/362

CARSWELL/Fd/362

Ichthyosis and Barbadoes Leg

1829

CARSWELL/Fd/363

CARSWELL/Fd/363

Convoluted Tumours: Skin and Cellular Tissue

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Fd/364

CARSWELL/Fd/364

Cicatrix of a Burn

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Fd/365

CARSWELL/Fd/365

Cicatrix of a Burn

1829

CARSWELL/Fd/374

CARSWELL/Fd/374

Fungoid Excrescence on the Cheek

1829

CARSWELL/Fd/375

CARSWELL/Fd/375

Scrofulous Tumours on the Forehead

1829

CARSWELL/Fd/423

CARSWELL/Fd/423

Skin Tumour covering the Sternum

1829

CARSWELL/Fd/486

CARSWELL/Fd/486

Phlegmonous Inflammation of Thigh Skin

1830

CARSWELL/Fd/492

CARSWELL/Fd/492

Skin: Erythema

Jul 1830

CARSWELL/Fd/493

CARSWELL/Fd/493

Skin: Prurigo Miti

Jul 1830

CARSWELL/Fd/494

CARSWELL/Fd/494

Skin: Herpes

Jun 1830

CARSWELL/Fd/495

CARSWELL/Fd/495

Pemphigus: Pompholix

Jun 1830

CARSWELL/Fd/496

CARSWELL/Fd/496

Lepra Vulgaris

1830

CARSWELL/Fd/497

CARSWELL/Fd/497

Psoriasis Diffusa

Jul 1830

CARSWELL/Fd/498

CARSWELL/Fd/498

Psoriasis Inveterate

Jul 1830

CARSWELL/Fd/499

CARSWELL/Fd/499

Icthyosis

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Fd/500

CARSWELL/Fd/500

Icthyosis

Aug 1830

CARSWELL/Fd/632

CARSWELL/Fd/632

Acne [?]

Apr 1838

CARSWELL/Fd/633

CARSWELL/Fd/633

Lepra Vulgaris

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fd/634

CARSWELL/Fd/634

Palate: Lupus Exedens

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fd/635

CARSWELL/Fd/635

Enlargement and Deformity of Fingers and Nails

Mar 1837

CARSWELL/Fd/682

CARSWELL/Fd/682

Sheep: Cutaneous Disease

1836

CARSWELL/Fd/683

CARSWELL/Fd/683

Sheep: Cutaneous Disease

1836

CARSWELL/Fd/828

CARSWELL/Fd/828

Variolus Vesicles

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fd/829

CARSWELL/Fd/829

Progress of Vaccine Vesicles

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fd/830

CARSWELL/Fd/830

Skin: Various Eruptions

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fd/956

CARSWELL/Fd/956

Skin: Vaccinia

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fd/957

CARSWELL/Fd/957

Skin: Vaccinia

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fd/958

CARSWELL/Fd/958

Skin: Vaccinia

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fd/959

CARSWELL/Fd/959

Skin: Vaccinia

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fd/960

CARSWELL/Fd/960

Skin: Vaccinia

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fd/961

CARSWELL/Fd/961

Purpura: Gangrene of Cheek

Aug 1832

CARSWELL/Fd/962

CARSWELL/Fd/962

Psoriasis Diffusa

Apr 1835

CARSWELL/Fd/963

CARSWELL/Fd/963

Skin: Purpura

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fd/965

CARSWELL/Fd/965

Congenital Elephantiasis

1832

CARSWELL/Fd/966

CARSWELL/Fd/966

Skin: Cancroid

1831

CARSWELL/Fd/967

CARSWELL/Fd/967

Skin: Navus Maternus

Mar 1837

CARSWELL/Fd/968

CARSWELL/Fd/968

Heart Disease: Oedema and Haemorrhage of Hand

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fd/969

CARSWELL/Fd/969

Skin: Vaccinia

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fd/970

CARSWELL/Fd/970

Bronzed Skin

Nov 1858

CARSWELL/Fd/971

CARSWELL/Fd/971

Pompholyx

Aug 1835

CARSWELL/Fd/972

CARSWELL/Fd/972

Pompholyx

1830s?

CARSWELL/Fd/973

CARSWELL/Fd/973

Skin: Lichen Gyratus

1834

CARSWELL/Fd/974

CARSWELL/Fd/974

Eczema Impetiginodes & Rubrum;

1836

CARSWELL/Fd/1031

CARSWELL/Fd/1031

Congenital Elephantiasis

1830s?

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