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CARSWELL

CARSWELL

Carswell Drawings

1827-1864

Sir Robert Carswell's anatomical drawings, with manuscript notes describing the cases illustrated, 1827-1838, and a manuscript catalogue, dated 1864.
The collection contains many items of historical significance, notably the first illustrations of the pathology in Hodgkin's Disease, the first portrayal of the lesions on the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis and the first depictions of iron deficiency anaemia. It comprises over around a thousand finely drafted watercolour and ink drawings, of various dimensions, depicting diseased structures divided into groups by subject.
Not all the drawings in the collection are by Carswell himself. Other named artists are Johnson Savage (17 drawings), W P Cocks (5 drawings) and H B Tuson (1 drawing). There is also an artist known simply by the initials "J A" (3 drawings) and some case notes are signed by B[enjamin] Clarke (3 drawings). In addition there are two (identical) uncoloured printed lithographs, and one unsigned drawing, dated Calcutta, 1852. Carswell's drawings are usually signed, or at least initialled by him, with the date and location on the verso. They date from September 1825 to March 1839, with those dated 1825 to early 1831 having Parisian locations. As well as the hospitals, zoo and abattoirs mentioned previously, some have names of doctors - presumably private cases which Carswell observed. One drawing has the inscription "Santo Spirito 1826", i.e. the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, the oldest hospital in Rome. One other has "St. Valery-sur Somme 1839" on the verso.
Of those executed in London, the majority were done at the North London or University College Hospital. Other locations are the Mount Street Infirmary and the North London Fever Hospital. The Fever Hospital was established for smallpox patients in 1802, in Gray's Inn Road, and moved to Liverpool Road, Islington in 1848.
Many drawings have several numbers on them but Carswell seems to have settled on the seventeen categories [A, B, Ca, Cb, D, E, Fa, Fb, Fc, Fd, G, Ha, Hb, Hc, I, K & L], each dealing with a part of the body or type of disease. The drawings were obviously once numbered in a continuous sequence from 1 to 1,035 but were then arranged into their respective groups which explains the seeming gaps in numbering.
The original drawings vary considerably in size, from as little as 4 x 4 cm to as much as 45 x 30 cm and above. Most are painted in watercolours. Over the years they were much used and handled, becoming very dirty and damaged, particularly at the edges. A project to conserve and re-house the drawings was completed in 2007. The drawings were digitised in 2017 and are now available online.

See Record View

Title Drawings of Urinary System
Date1 Mar 1826-Mar 1839
StorageSite

UCL Special Collections

Records included here:
CARSWELL/G/58

CARSWELL/G/58

Kidney: Haemorrhagic Infarcts

1820s?

CARSWELL/G/231

CARSWELL/G/231

External Surface and Section of Granulated Pale Kidney

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/G/232

CARSWELL/G/232

Kidney: Serous Cysts

May 1827

CARSWELL/G/233

CARSWELL/G/233

Kidney: Rupture and Cicatrisation of a Serous Cyst

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/G/234

CARSWELL/G/234

Kidney: Inflammation and Suppuration

Feb 1829

CARSWELL/G/235

CARSWELL/G/235

Kidney: Diseased and Supra Renal Capsule

Dec 1828

CARSWELL/G/237

CARSWELL/G/237

Kidney: Calculus

1820s?

CARSWELL/G/238

CARSWELL/G/238

Kidney: Calculi. Dilatation of the Infundibula. Degeneration of the Cortical Substance

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/G/239

CARSWELL/G/239

Kidney: Enlargement, Softening and Discolouration

Apr 1830

CARSWELL/G/240

CARSWELL/G/240

Kidney: Removal of the Substance. Great Dilatation of the Ureter.

1830s?

CARSWELL/G/241

CARSWELL/G/241

Kidney: Medullary Sarcoma

1820s?

CARSWELL/G/242

CARSWELL/G/242

Kidney: Dilatation of the Pelvis

Jul 1828

CARSWELL/G/243

CARSWELL/G/243

Kidney: Adipose Conversion. Renal calculus. Abscess

Nov 1826

CARSWELL/G/244

CARSWELL/G/244

Inflammation and Suppuration of the Prostate Gland

Nov 1828

CARSWELL/G/245

CARSWELL/G/245

Kidney: Gaseous Matter. Bladder: Inflammation of Mucous Membrane

Jan 1828

CARSWELL/G/246

CARSWELL/G/246

Prostate Gland: Enlargement of Third Lobe. Haemorrhage of the mucous membrane

Apr 1828

CARSWELL/G/247

CARSWELL/G/247

Stricture and False Passage of the Urethra

Sep 1828

CARSWELL/G/248

CARSWELL/G/248

Extroversion of the Bladder

1829

CARSWELL/G/249

CARSWELL/G/249

Extroversion of the Bladder

Dec 1828

CARSWELL/G/255

CARSWELL/G/255

Disease of Bladder & False Passages

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/G/349

CARSWELL/G/349

Carcinoma of the Suprarenal Capsule

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/G/424

CARSWELL/G/424

Serous Cysts in the Kidney

1829

CARSWELL/G/475

CARSWELL/G/475

Stricture of the Urethra Anterior to the Bulb

1830s?

CARSWELL/G/476

CARSWELL/G/476

Fibrous Tumour of the Bulb Producing Stricture of the Urethra

1830s?

CARSWELL/G/477

CARSWELL/G/477

Scirrhus of the Kidney, Calculus in the Pelvis

May 1830

CARSWELL/G/478

CARSWELL/G/478

Incrustation of the Mucous Membrane of the Bladder

1830

CARSWELL/G/636

CARSWELL/G/636

Lobulated Kidney from an Adult

Apr 1831

CARSWELL/G/637

CARSWELL/G/637

Sacculated Bladder

Apr 1831

CARSWELL/G/638

CARSWELL/G/638

Carcinomatous Excrescences from the Mucous Membrane of the Bladder

Jan 1831

CARSWELL/G/639

CARSWELL/G/639

Cancer of the Uterus, Perforation of bladder and Disease of the Kidneys

Mar 1831

CARSWELL/G/641

CARSWELL/G/641

Inflammation of the Kidney

Mar 1831

CARSWELL/G/642

CARSWELL/G/642

Granular Kidney

1831

CARSWELL/G/643

CARSWELL/G/643

Kidney, Pelvis: Inflammation and Circumscribed Gangrene. Bladder: Inflammation of the Mucous Membrane

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/G/644

CARSWELL/G/644

Cystic Disease of the Kidney

Apr 1831

CARSWELL/G/645

CARSWELL/G/645

Right Kidney with Two Ureters

Mar 1831

CARSWELL/G/646

CARSWELL/G/646

Both Kidneys with Double Ureters

Apr 1831

CARSWELL/G/647

CARSWELL/G/647

Calculus: Sac formed by the Urethra

Feb 1831

CARSWELL/G/648

CARSWELL/G/648

Diseased Kidney: Tumour and Calculi

Mar 1837

CARSWELL/G/649

CARSWELL/G/649

Fatty Kidneys and Liver

Jun 1848

CARSWELL/G/831

CARSWELL/G/831

Kidney in Dropsy

1830s?

CARSWELL/G/832

CARSWELL/G/832

Scrofulous Suppuration of the Kidney

1830s?

CARSWELL/G/833

CARSWELL/G/833

Melanosis in the Kidney

1830s

CARSWELL/G/834

CARSWELL/G/834

Melanosis of the Kidney

1830s?

CARSWELL/G/835

CARSWELL/G/835

Kidney: Hydatids Adhering to the Peritoneal Surface

1830s?

CARSWELL/G/836

CARSWELL/G/836

Spurious Hydatids on Surface of Kidney

1830s?

CARSWELL/G/837

CARSWELL/G/837

Pelvis of Kidney: Calculus

1830s

CARSWELL/G/838

CARSWELL/G/838

Kidney: Softening of Cortical Substance. Calculus in Pelvis of the Ureter

1830s?

CARSWELL/G/839

CARSWELL/G/839

Inflammation of Mucous Membrane of Bladder

Mar 1826

CARSWELL/G/840

CARSWELL/G/840

Portion of Bladder

Apr 1826

CARSWELL/G/841

CARSWELL/G/841

Ecchymosis of Mucous Surface of Bladder, Inflammation and Deposit of Fibrine

1830s?

CARSWELL/G/842

CARSWELL/G/842

Bladder: Typhus

1830s?

CARSWELL/G/843

CARSWELL/G/843

Bladder: Calculus

1830s?

CARSWELL/G/1007

CARSWELL/G/1007

Kidney: Atrophy

1831

CARSWELL/G/1010

CARSWELL/G/1010

Granular Kidney

Mar 1839

CARSWELL/G/1012

CARSWELL/G/1012

Calculus: Neck of Bladder

1830s?

CARSWELL/G/1013

CARSWELL/G/1013

Bladder: Inflammation and Ulceration

Mar 1839

CARSWELL/G/1014

CARSWELL/G/1014

Dog: Calculus in Bladder

Aug 1829

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