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CARSWELL

CARSWELL

Carswell Drawings

1827-1864

Sir Robert Carswell's anatomical drawings, with manuscript notes describing the cases illustrated, 1827-1838, and a manuscript catalogue, dated 1864.
The collection contains many items of historical significance, notably the first illustrations of the pathology in Hodgkin's Disease, the first portrayal of the lesions on the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis and the first depictions of iron deficiency anaemia. It comprises over around a thousand finely drafted watercolour and ink drawings, of various dimensions, depicting diseased structures divided into groups by subject.
Not all the drawings in the collection are by Carswell himself. Other named artists are Johnson Savage (17 drawings), W P Cocks (5 drawings) and H B Tuson (1 drawing). There is also an artist known simply by the initials "J A" (3 drawings) and some case notes are signed by B[enjamin] Clarke (3 drawings). In addition there are two (identical) uncoloured printed lithographs, and one unsigned drawing, dated Calcutta, 1852. Carswell's drawings are usually signed, or at least initialled by him, with the date and location on the verso. They date from September 1825 to March 1839, with those dated 1825 to early 1831 having Parisian locations. As well as the hospitals, zoo and abattoirs mentioned previously, some have names of doctors - presumably private cases which Carswell observed. One drawing has the inscription "Santo Spirito 1826", i.e. the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, the oldest hospital in Rome. One other has "St. Valery-sur Somme 1839" on the verso.
Of those executed in London, the majority were done at the North London or University College Hospital. Other locations are the Mount Street Infirmary and the North London Fever Hospital. The Fever Hospital was established for smallpox patients in 1802, in Gray's Inn Road, and moved to Liverpool Road, Islington in 1848.
Many drawings have several numbers on them but Carswell seems to have settled on the seventeen categories [A, B, Ca, Cb, D, E, Fa, Fb, Fc, Fd, G, Ha, Hb, Hc, I, K & L], each dealing with a part of the body or type of disease. The drawings were obviously once numbered in a continuous sequence from 1 to 1,035 but were then arranged into their respective groups which explains the seeming gaps in numbering.
The original drawings vary considerably in size, from as little as 4 x 4 cm to as much as 45 x 30 cm and above. Most are painted in watercolours. Over the years they were much used and handled, becoming very dirty and damaged, particularly at the edges. A project to conserve and re-house the drawings was completed in 2007. The drawings were digitised in 2017 and are now available online.

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Title Drawings of Generative System - Male
Date1 1827-1830
StorageSite

UCL Special Collections

Records included here:
CARSWELL/Ha/250

CARSWELL/Ha/250

Tubercles in the Testicle

Nov 1828

CARSWELL/Ha/251

CARSWELL/Ha/251

Diseased Testicle

Nov 1828

CARSWELL/Ha/252

CARSWELL/Ha/252

Diseased Testicle

1827

CARSWELL/Ha/253

CARSWELL/Ha/253

Testicles Situated in Inguinal Canal

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/Ha/254

CARSWELL/Ha/254

Epidydimis Enlarged and Inflamed with Suppuration, Fusiform Enlargements of Vasa Deferentia

Mar 1828

CARSWELL/Ha/257

CARSWELL/Ha/257

Cancer: Penis

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/Ha/366

CARSWELL/Ha/366

Encrusted Hydrocele of the Spermatic Cord

Aug 1828

CARSWELL/Ha/367

CARSWELL/Ha/367

Prostate Gland: Tuberculous Matter and Abscess

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/Ha/368

CARSWELL/Ha/368

Testicle: Cerebriform, Fibrinous and Cartilaginous Formation

1829

CARSWELL/Ha/650

CARSWELL/Ha/650

Goat: Diseased Testicle

1830

CARSWELL/Ha/844

CARSWELL/Ha/844

Scirrhus of prostate

1820s?

CARSWELL/Ha/845

CARSWELL/Ha/845

Scrofulous Ulcer in Vesicula Seminalis

1830s?

CARSWELL/Ha/846

CARSWELL/Ha/846

Diseased Testicle

1820s?

CARSWELL/Ha/847

CARSWELL/Ha/847

Tubercles on Epidydimis and Vas Deferens

1820s?

CARSWELL/Ha/848

CARSWELL/Ha/848

Ulcer in Prostate Gland

1830s?

CARSWELL/Ha/1011

CARSWELL/Ha/1011

Cretaceous Matter in Seminal Duct, Atrophy of Left Testicle

Nov 1828

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