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CARSWELL

CARSWELL

Carswell Drawings

1827-1864

Sir Robert Carswell's anatomical drawings, with manuscript notes describing the cases illustrated, 1827-1838, and a manuscript catalogue, dated 1864.
The collection contains many items of historical significance, notably the first illustrations of the pathology in Hodgkin's Disease, the first portrayal of the lesions on the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis and the first depictions of iron deficiency anaemia. It comprises over around a thousand finely drafted watercolour and ink drawings, of various dimensions, depicting diseased structures divided into groups by subject.
Not all the drawings in the collection are by Carswell himself. Other named artists are Johnson Savage (17 drawings), W P Cocks (5 drawings) and H B Tuson (1 drawing). There is also an artist known simply by the initials "J A" (3 drawings) and some case notes are signed by B[enjamin] Clarke (3 drawings). In addition there are two (identical) uncoloured printed lithographs, and one unsigned drawing, dated Calcutta, 1852. Carswell's drawings are usually signed, or at least initialled by him, with the date and location on the verso. They date from September 1825 to March 1839, with those dated 1825 to early 1831 having Parisian locations. As well as the hospitals, zoo and abattoirs mentioned previously, some have names of doctors - presumably private cases which Carswell observed. One drawing has the inscription "Santo Spirito 1826", i.e. the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, the oldest hospital in Rome. One other has "St. Valery-sur Somme 1839" on the verso.
Of those executed in London, the majority were done at the North London or University College Hospital. Other locations are the Mount Street Infirmary and the North London Fever Hospital. The Fever Hospital was established for smallpox patients in 1802, in Gray's Inn Road, and moved to Liverpool Road, Islington in 1848.
Many drawings have several numbers on them but Carswell seems to have settled on the seventeen categories [A, B, Ca, Cb, D, E, Fa, Fb, Fc, Fd, G, Ha, Hb, Hc, I, K & L], each dealing with a part of the body or type of disease. The drawings were obviously once numbered in a continuous sequence from 1 to 1,035 but were then arranged into their respective groups which explains the seeming gaps in numbering.
The original drawings vary considerably in size, from as little as 4 x 4 cm to as much as 45 x 30 cm and above. Most are painted in watercolours. Over the years they were much used and handled, becoming very dirty and damaged, particularly at the edges. A project to conserve and re-house the drawings was completed in 2007. The drawings were digitised in 2017 and are now available online.

See Record View

Title Drawings of Generative System - Female
Date1 Sep 1826-1837
StorageSite

UCL Special Collections

Records included here:
CARSWELL/Hb/74

CARSWELL/Hb/74

Uterus: Menstruation

1820s?

CARSWELL/Hb/258

CARSWELL/Hb/258

Tumour: Left Labrum Pudenda

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/259

CARSWELL/Hb/259

Uterus: Fibrous Tumour

1820s

CARSWELL/Hb/260

CARSWELL/Hb/260

Uterus: Fibrous Tumour

Mar 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/261

CARSWELL/Hb/261

Retroversion of Uterus: Dropsy of Fallopian Tube

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/262

CARSWELL/Hb/262

Uterus: Phlebolites

Apr 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/263

CARSWELL/Hb/263

Antiversion of Uterus: Fallopian Tubes Distended with Tuberculous Matter

1820s?

CARSWELL/Hb/264

CARSWELL/Hb/264

Disease of the Uterus and Fallopian Tubes

May 1827

CARSWELL/Hb/265

CARSWELL/Hb/265

Uterus: False Membrane Lining

Jan 1829

CARSWELL/Hb/266

CARSWELL/Hb/266

Metritis Inflammation of Veins in Uterus, Eschar in Bladder, Perforation of the Urethra

Sep 1827

CARSWELL/Hb/267

CARSWELL/Hb/267

Metritis after Delivery, Placenta containing Pus, Inflammation & Suppuration of Fallopian Tubes

May 1827

CARSWELL/Hb/268

CARSWELL/Hb/268

Uterus: Inflammation & Suppuration of Veins. Inflammation of the Fallopian Tubes

Sep 1827

CARSWELL/Hb/269

CARSWELL/Hb/269

Perforation of Vagina and Bladder

1827

CARSWELL/Hb/270

CARSWELL/Hb/270

Cancer ; Neck of Uterus

Aug 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/271

CARSWELL/Hb/271

Cancer: Uterus

Feb 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/272

CARSWELL/Hb/272

Cancer: Os Uteri

Jul 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/273

CARSWELL/Hb/273

Cancer of Uterus, Perforation of Vagina and Rectum,

Sep 1826

CARSWELL/Hb/274

CARSWELL/Hb/274

Cerebriform Cancer of Uterus

Sep 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/275

CARSWELL/Hb/275

Ovarium containing Coagulated Blood

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/Hb/276

CARSWELL/Hb/276

Ovary: Bone, Hair and Fatty Matter

Dec 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/277

CARSWELL/Hb/277

Ovarium: Cerebriform, Fibrous and Tuberculous Formations

Apr 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/278

CARSWELL/Hb/278

Ovary: Large Cerebriform and Fibrous Tumour

Nov 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/279

CARSWELL/Hb/279

Ovarian Dropsy, Cerebriform, Atheromatous, Melicerous Formations

Nov 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/280

CARSWELL/Hb/280

Ovarian Dropsy

Nov 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/281

CARSWELL/Hb/281

Ovary: Large Fibrous and Cerebriform Tumour, and Large Cyst

Nov 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/282

CARSWELL/Hb/282

Fallopian Tubes: Obliteration of Fembriated Extremity, Thickening, Induration and Tuberculous Degeneration

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/283

CARSWELL/Hb/283

Fallopian Tubes: Distended with Pus, Perforation of Left Tube, Rectum

Oct 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/284

CARSWELL/Hb/284

Prolapse: Uterus, Vagina and Rectum

Aug 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/370

CARSWELL/Hb/370

Uterus: Fibrous Tumour in Posterior Wall, Elongation and Dilatation of Cavity. Ovarium: Cyst

May 1829

CARSWELL/Hb/371

CARSWELL/Hb/371

Uterus: Neck of the Uterus; Perforation: Vagina, Bladder and Peritoneum, Peritonitis

Aug 1829

CARSWELL/Hb/427

CARSWELL/Hb/427

Uterus: Ossification of the Arteries

Nov 1829

CARSWELL/Hb/428

CARSWELL/Hb/428

Fallopian Tubes: Dropsy

Jan 1830

CARSWELL/Hb/430

CARSWELL/Hb/430

Uterus: Fibrous Tumour

1830

CARSWELL/Hb/431

CARSWELL/Hb/431

Uterus: Inflammation of Cavities and Appendages, Tumour

Mar 1830

CARSWELL/Hb/432

CARSWELL/Hb/432

Uterus: Phlebolithes

1830

CARSWELL/Hb/433

CARSWELL/Hb/433

Peritonitis: Ovaries and Fallopian Tubes: Distended with Tuberculous Matter

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/434

CARSWELL/Hb/434

Uterus and Fallopian Tubes: Tubercles

Apr 1830

CARSWELL/Hb/435

CARSWELL/Hb/435

Cellulo-Vascular Tumour in Cavity of Uterus

Apr 1830

CARSWELL/Hb/436

CARSWELL/Hb/436

Ulceration of Vagina and Dropsy of Ovaries: Cysts in Uterus

Apr 1830

CARSWELL/Hb/437

CARSWELL/Hb/437

Uterus: Bony Tumour from Cavity

1830

CARSWELL/Hb/461

CARSWELL/Hb/461

Uterus: Tubercle, Obliteration of Fallopian Tubes

May 1830

CARSWELL/Hb/462

CARSWELL/Hb/462

Tumour: Uterus and Rectum, Fallopian Tubes Obliterated

May 1830

CARSWELL/Hb/463

CARSWELL/Hb/463

Tubercle of Uterus, Tubercular Ulceration of Vagina

May 1830

CARSWELL/Hb/464

CARSWELL/Hb/464

Fibrous Tumour in Uterus and Projecting Inwards

May 1830

CARSWELL/Hb/465

CARSWELL/Hb/465

Uterus and Fallopian Tubes: Tubercle

1830

CARSWELL/Hb/466

CARSWELL/Hb/466

Fibrinous Concretion in Ovaria

1830

CARSWELL/Hb/529

CARSWELL/Hb/529

Fibrous Tumour Arising from Ligament of Uterus

Jun 1830

CARSWELL/Hb/651

CARSWELL/Hb/651

Uterus: Abscess of Posterior Head

Jan 1831

CARSWELL/Hb/652

CARSWELL/Hb/652

Vagina and Bladder: Perforation from Mechanical Violence

Mar 1831

CARSWELL/Hb/653

CARSWELL/Hb/653

Fallopian Tube: Dropsy

May 1828

CARSWELL/Hb/654

CARSWELL/Hb/654

Atrophy of Uterus and obliteration of Fallopian Tubes

Dec 1830

CARSWELL/Hb/655

CARSWELL/Hb/655

Cancer of Uterus, Perforation of Vagina, Bladder, Rectum, Caput Caecum, Coli & Ileon

Feb 1831

CARSWELL/Hb/656

CARSWELL/Hb/656

Tubercular Peritonitis; Thickening and Contraction of Epiploon; Dropsy of Fallopian Tubes

Feb 1831

CARSWELL/Hb/657

CARSWELL/Hb/657

Uterus: Cancer

Feb 1831

CARSWELL/Hb/658

CARSWELL/Hb/658

Metro-Peritonitis

April 1831

CARSWELL/Hb/659

CARSWELL/Hb/659

Inflammation and Ulceration of Os Uteri

Mar 1837

CARSWELL/Hb/660

CARSWELL/Hb/660

Encysted Ovarian Tumours, Tumours of Uterus

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/850

CARSWELL/Hb/850

Ovary: Composed of Solid Substance and Cysts

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/851

CARSWELL/Hb/851

Hydatids in Ovary

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/852

CARSWELL/Hb/852

Hydatids: Peritoneal Surface of Uterus & Ovaries

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/853

CARSWELL/Hb/853

Hydatids: Cavity of Uterus

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/854

CARSWELL/Hb/854

Hydatids: Cavity of Uterus

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/855

CARSWELL/Hb/855

Hydatids: Fallopian Tube

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/856

CARSWELL/Hb/856

Dropsy: Fallopian Tube

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/857

CARSWELL/Hb/857

Tubercular Uterus, Scirrhus in Points

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/858

CARSWELL/Hb/858

Tumours in Uterus

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/859

CARSWELL/Hb/859

Scirrhus of Uterus

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/860

CARSWELL/Hb/860

Scirrhus Uterus

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/861

CARSWELL/Hb/861

Fungus Encephaloides attached to Os Uterus

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/862

CARSWELL/Hb/862

Malignant Ulcer of Uterus

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/863

CARSWELL/Hb/863

Ulceration Spreading from Uterus to Bladder

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/864

CARSWELL/Hb/864

Tumour: Sacrum and Uterus

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/865

CARSWELL/Hb/865

Inflammation of Uterus after Delivery

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hb/1015

CARSWELL/Hb/1015

Vascular or Albuminous Sarcoma of Ovaries: Scirrhus of Stomach

Mar 1835

CARSWELL/Hb/1016

CARSWELL/Hb/1016

Rabbit: Uterus with Inflammation, Haemorrhage

1830s?

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