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CARSWELL

CARSWELL

Carswell Drawings

1827-1864

Sir Robert Carswell's anatomical drawings, with manuscript notes describing the cases illustrated, 1827-1838, and a manuscript catalogue, dated 1864.
The collection contains many items of historical significance, notably the first illustrations of the pathology in Hodgkin's Disease, the first portrayal of the lesions on the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis and the first depictions of iron deficiency anaemia. It comprises over around a thousand finely drafted watercolour and ink drawings, of various dimensions, depicting diseased structures divided into groups by subject.
Not all the drawings in the collection are by Carswell himself. Other named artists are Johnson Savage (17 drawings), W P Cocks (5 drawings) and H B Tuson (1 drawing). There is also an artist known simply by the initials "J A" (3 drawings) and some case notes are signed by B[enjamin] Clarke (3 drawings). In addition there are two (identical) uncoloured printed lithographs, and one unsigned drawing, dated Calcutta, 1852. Carswell's drawings are usually signed, or at least initialled by him, with the date and location on the verso. They date from September 1825 to March 1839, with those dated 1825 to early 1831 having Parisian locations. As well as the hospitals, zoo and abattoirs mentioned previously, some have names of doctors - presumably private cases which Carswell observed. One drawing has the inscription "Santo Spirito 1826", i.e. the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, the oldest hospital in Rome. One other has "St. Valery-sur Somme 1839" on the verso.
Of those executed in London, the majority were done at the North London or University College Hospital. Other locations are the Mount Street Infirmary and the North London Fever Hospital. The Fever Hospital was established for smallpox patients in 1802, in Gray's Inn Road, and moved to Liverpool Road, Islington in 1848.
Many drawings have several numbers on them but Carswell seems to have settled on the seventeen categories [A, B, Ca, Cb, D, E, Fa, Fb, Fc, Fd, G, Ha, Hb, Hc, I, K & L], each dealing with a part of the body or type of disease. The drawings were obviously once numbered in a continuous sequence from 1 to 1,035 but were then arranged into their respective groups which explains the seeming gaps in numbering.
The original drawings vary considerably in size, from as little as 4 x 4 cm to as much as 45 x 30 cm and above. Most are painted in watercolours. Over the years they were much used and handled, becoming very dirty and damaged, particularly at the edges. A project to conserve and re-house the drawings was completed in 2007. The drawings were digitised in 2017 and are now available online.

See Record View

Title Drawings of Venereal Diseases
Date1 1829-1838
StorageSite

UCL Special Collections

Records included here:
CARSWELL/Hc/372

CARSWELL/Hc/372

Syphilitic Tubercles of Face

1829

CARSWELL/Hc/502

CARSWELL/Hc/502

Chancre of Glans Penis and Prepuce

Sep 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/503

CARSWELL/Hc/503

Chancre and Paraphimosis

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/504

CARSWELL/Hc/504

Chancre and Paraphimosis

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/505

CARSWELL/Hc/505

Buboes in Groin

Sep 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/506

CARSWELL/Hc/506

Chancre on Penis, Bubo

Sep 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/507

CARSWELL/Hc/507

Chancre and Bubo

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/508

CARSWELL/Hc/508

Phimosis and Chancre

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/509

CARSWELL/Hc/509

Chronic Paraphimosis

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/510

CARSWELL/Hc/510

Cauliflower Excrescence of Prepuce, Contraction of Orifice

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/511

CARSWELL/Hc/511

Hernia Humoralis

Sep 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/512

CARSWELL/Hc/512

Chancre: Bubo, Gangrene of Penis and Scrotum

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/513

CARSWELL/Hc/513

Skin of Penis and Scrotum Destroyed by Gangrene

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/514

CARSWELL/Hc/514

Pityriasis Versicolor

Jun 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/515

CARSWELL/Hc/515

Pityriasis versicolor

CARSWELL/Hc/516

CARSWELL/Hc/516

Head: Tubercular Syphilis

Aug 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/517

CARSWELL/Hc/517

Tubercular Pustular Syphilis

Aug 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/518

CARSWELL/Hc/518

Tubercular Syphilis

Jun 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/519

CARSWELL/Hc/519

Tubercular Syphilis of the Face

1830

CARSWELL/Hc/520

CARSWELL/Hc/520

Pustular Syphilis

1830

CARSWELL/Hc/521

CARSWELL/Hc/521

Syphilitic Pustular Eruption of Skin

1830

CARSWELL/Hc/522

CARSWELL/Hc/522

Secondary and Horny Syphilis, Syphilitic Sore Throat

1830

CARSWELL/Hc/523

CARSWELL/Hc/523

Horny Syphilis

Aug 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/524

CARSWELL/Hc/524

Horny Syphilis

Aug 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/525

CARSWELL/Hc/525

Syphilitic Ulcerations of Tonsils

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/526

CARSWELL/Hc/526

Chancre of Upper Lip

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/527

CARSWELL/Hc/527

Cauliflower Excrescence of Anus

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/528

CARSWELL/Hc/528

Syphilitic Ulceration and Thickening of Cranium

Jul 1830

CARSWELL/Hc/661

CARSWELL/Hc/661

Lepra Syphilitica

Mar 1838

CARSWELL/Hc/662

CARSWELL/Hc/662

Rupia Echthyma

Oct 1838

CARSWELL/Hc/663

CARSWELL/Hc/663

Fauces and Pharynx: Cicatrices from Sypilitic Ulcers

Oct 1838

CARSWELL/Hc/849

CARSWELL/Hc/849

Glans Penis Ulcers

1830s?

CARSWELL/Hc/1034

CARSWELL/Hc/1034

Tubercular and Bullous Syphilis

1830s?

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