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CARSWELL

CARSWELL

Carswell Drawings

1827-1864

Sir Robert Carswell's anatomical drawings, with manuscript notes describing the cases illustrated, 1827-1838, and a manuscript catalogue, dated 1864.
The collection contains many items of historical significance, notably the first illustrations of the pathology in Hodgkin's Disease, the first portrayal of the lesions on the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis and the first depictions of iron deficiency anaemia. It comprises over around a thousand finely drafted watercolour and ink drawings, of various dimensions, depicting diseased structures divided into groups by subject.
Not all the drawings in the collection are by Carswell himself. Other named artists are Johnson Savage (17 drawings), W P Cocks (5 drawings) and H B Tuson (1 drawing). There is also an artist known simply by the initials "J A" (3 drawings) and some case notes are signed by B[enjamin] Clarke (3 drawings). In addition there are two (identical) uncoloured printed lithographs, and one unsigned drawing, dated Calcutta, 1852. Carswell's drawings are usually signed, or at least initialled by him, with the date and location on the verso. They date from September 1825 to March 1839, with those dated 1825 to early 1831 having Parisian locations. As well as the hospitals, zoo and abattoirs mentioned previously, some have names of doctors - presumably private cases which Carswell observed. One drawing has the inscription "Santo Spirito 1826", i.e. the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, the oldest hospital in Rome. One other has "St. Valery-sur Somme 1839" on the verso.
Of those executed in London, the majority were done at the North London or University College Hospital. Other locations are the Mount Street Infirmary and the North London Fever Hospital. The Fever Hospital was established for smallpox patients in 1802, in Gray's Inn Road, and moved to Liverpool Road, Islington in 1848.
Many drawings have several numbers on them but Carswell seems to have settled on the seventeen categories [A, B, Ca, Cb, D, E, Fa, Fb, Fc, Fd, G, Ha, Hb, Hc, I, K & L], each dealing with a part of the body or type of disease. The drawings were obviously once numbered in a continuous sequence from 1 to 1,035 but were then arranged into their respective groups which explains the seeming gaps in numbering.
The original drawings vary considerably in size, from as little as 4 x 4 cm to as much as 45 x 30 cm and above. Most are painted in watercolours. Over the years they were much used and handled, becoming very dirty and damaged, particularly at the edges. A project to conserve and re-house the drawings was completed in 2007. The drawings were digitised in 2017 and are now available online.

See Record View

Title Drawings of New Formations
Date1 Jul 1826-Jul 1836
StorageSite

UCL Special Collections

Records included here:
CARSWELL/I/45

CARSWELL/I/45

Cancerous Tumours of Cheek

Mar 1829

CARSWELL/I/49

CARSWELL/I/49

Carcinoma of the Submucous and Mucous Tissues of the Cavities of the Nose, Mouth and Fauces

8 Nov 1826

CARSWELL/I/55

CARSWELL/I/55

Ovarian Dropsy, Cancer of Epiploon

1829

CARSWELL/I/58

CARSWELL/I/58

Osteosarcoma

Jun 1828

CARSWELL/I/59

CARSWELL/I/59

Scirrhus Tumour from the Groin

CARSWELL/I/60

CARSWELL/I/60

Serous Cyst Formed Under the Pectoralis Major

c1827?

CARSWELL/I/61

CARSWELL/I/61

Tumour of Thigh

Apr 1829

CARSWELL/I/236

CARSWELL/I/236

Diseases of Spleen and Kidneys

c1828?

CARSWELL/I/373

CARSWELL/I/373

Lipoma

Jun 1829

CARSWELL/I/438

CARSWELL/I/438

Cancer of Under Lip

Oct 1829

CARSWELL/I/439

CARSWELL/I/439

Mammary Sarcoma

1829

CARSWELL/I/488

CARSWELL/I/488

Haematoid Tumours of the Peritoneum

1830

CARSWELL/I/489

CARSWELL/I/489

Carcinoma [peritoneum, liver, ovary, vena porta, pulmonary lining]

1830

CARSWELL/I/490

CARSWELL/I/490

Tumour of Neck

Oct 1830

CARSWELL/I/664

CARSWELL/I/664

Haematoid Tumours of Peritoneum

Feb 1831

CARSWELL/I/665

CARSWELL/I/665

Fungus Haematodes of the Shoulder

c1830?

CARSWELL/I/666

CARSWELL/I/666

Spleen, Pleura, Bone (Monkey): Tubercle

1830

CARSWELL/I/667

CARSWELL/I/667

Tubercles in the Epiploon and the Kidneys (Monkey)

1830

CARSWELL/I/668

CARSWELL/I/668

Tubercles in the Monkey

1830

CARSWELL/I/669

CARSWELL/I/669

Melanosis from a Horse

1831

CARSWELL/I/866

CARSWELL/I/866

Encephaloid Tumour. Fungus Haematodes. Melanosis

c1830

CARSWELL/I/869

CARSWELL/I/869

The Disease Called Encephaloid

c1830

CARSWELL/I/879

CARSWELL/I/879

Subcutaneous Cancer?

1852?

CARSWELL/I/1008

CARSWELL/I/1008

Fibrous Tumour Found in the Abdominal Cavity

Early 19th Century

CARSWELL/I/1017

CARSWELL/I/1017

Bone and Spleen (Monkey): Tubercle

1828

CARSWELL/I/1018

CARSWELL/I/1018

Temporal Bone: Cholesteatomata

1830

CARSWELL/I/1021

CARSWELL/I/1021

Melanotic tumours (horse)

1829

CARSWELL/I/1022

CARSWELL/I/1022

Melanotic Tumours (Horse)

1829

CARSWELL/I/1024

CARSWELL/I/1024

Fibrous Tumour (Ulcerated) from Neck of Horse

1828

CARSWELL/I/1029

CARSWELL/I/1029

Temporal Bone: Sarcoma

1827

CARSWELL/I/1035

CARSWELL/I/1035

Medullary Sarcoma of Sternum: Obliteration and Perforation of Superior Vena Cava

1836

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