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CARSWELL

CARSWELL

Carswell Drawings

1827-1864

Sir Robert Carswell's anatomical drawings, with manuscript notes describing the cases illustrated, 1827-1838, and a manuscript catalogue, dated 1864.
The collection contains many items of historical significance, notably the first illustrations of the pathology in Hodgkin's Disease, the first portrayal of the lesions on the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis and the first depictions of iron deficiency anaemia. It comprises over around a thousand finely drafted watercolour and ink drawings, of various dimensions, depicting diseased structures divided into groups by subject.
Not all the drawings in the collection are by Carswell himself. Other named artists are Johnson Savage (17 drawings), W P Cocks (5 drawings) and H B Tuson (1 drawing). There is also an artist known simply by the initials "J A" (3 drawings) and some case notes are signed by B[enjamin] Clarke (3 drawings). In addition there are two (identical) uncoloured printed lithographs, and one unsigned drawing, dated Calcutta, 1852. Carswell's drawings are usually signed, or at least initialled by him, with the date and location on the verso. They date from September 1825 to March 1839, with those dated 1825 to early 1831 having Parisian locations. As well as the hospitals, zoo and abattoirs mentioned previously, some have names of doctors - presumably private cases which Carswell observed. One drawing has the inscription "Santo Spirito 1826", i.e. the Ospedale di Santo Spirito, the oldest hospital in Rome. One other has "St. Valery-sur Somme 1839" on the verso.
Of those executed in London, the majority were done at the North London or University College Hospital. Other locations are the Mount Street Infirmary and the North London Fever Hospital. The Fever Hospital was established for smallpox patients in 1802, in Gray's Inn Road, and moved to Liverpool Road, Islington in 1848.
Many drawings have several numbers on them but Carswell seems to have settled on the seventeen categories [A, B, Ca, Cb, D, E, Fa, Fb, Fc, Fd, G, Ha, Hb, Hc, I, K & L], each dealing with a part of the body or type of disease. The drawings were obviously once numbered in a continuous sequence from 1 to 1,035 but were then arranged into their respective groups which explains the seeming gaps in numbering.
The original drawings vary considerably in size, from as little as 4 x 4 cm to as much as 45 x 30 cm and above. Most are painted in watercolours. Over the years they were much used and handled, becoming very dirty and damaged, particularly at the edges. A project to conserve and re-house the drawings was completed in 2007. The drawings were digitised in 2017 and are now available online.

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Title Drawings of Miscellanea (Glanders, Diabetes, Cretin, Typhus, Worms)
Date1 Sep 1825-Jul 1838
StorageSite

UCL Special Collections

Records included here:
CARSWELL/L/674

CARSWELL/L/674

Horse: Tubercles in Lungs

1831

CARSWELL/L/675

CARSWELL/L/675

Glanders

Feb 1838

CARSWELL/L/676

CARSWELL/L/676

Emaciation produced by Diabetes Mellitus

Mar 1838

CARSWELL/L/677

CARSWELL/L/677

Penis: Diabetes Mellitus

1830s?

CARSWELL/L/678

CARSWELL/L/678

Diabetes

Jul 1838

CARSWELL/L/679

CARSWELL/L/679

Anaemia Cured by Carbonate of Iron

Apr 1837

CARSWELL/L/680

CARSWELL/L/680

Stomach: Entozoa

1831

CARSWELL/L/870

CARSWELL/L/870

Typhus

1830s?

CARSWELL/L/871

CARSWELL/L/871

Typhus: Last Stage in Fever

March 1825?

CARSWELL/L/1025

CARSWELL/L/1025

Cretins

1825

CARSWELL/L/1028

CARSWELL/L/1028

Entozoa: Cysticercus Fasciolaris

1830s?

CARSWELL/L/1030

CARSWELL/L/1030

Entozoa

1830s?

CARSWELL/L/1033

CARSWELL/L/1033

Glanders

1830s?

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