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RefNo ORWELL
Title Orwell Papers
Date1 1875-[1997]
StorageSite UCL Special Collections
Level Collection
Extent 16 boxes, 49 volumes, 10 files, c200 photographs
CreatorName Orwell; George (1903-1950); political writer and essayist, also known as Eric Blair
AdminHistory Born in Motihari, Bengal, India, 25 June 1903; educated at Eton, 1917-1921; served in Burma in the Indian Imperial Police, 1922-1928; lived for several years in poverty, as a dish-washer in Paris, France, and as a tramp in England, 1928-1931; school teacher at the Hawthorns, Middlesex, 1932-1933; part-time assistant in a Hampstead bookshop, London, 1934-1935; wrote books and novels, 1933-1949; married Eileen Maud O'Shaughnessy (died 1945), 1936; reviewer of novels for the 'New English Weekly', until 1940; visited areas of mass unemployment in Lancashire and Yorkshire, 1936; wounded in Spain fighting for the Republicans, 1937; member of the Home Guard during World War Two; worked for the British Broadcasting Corporation Eastern Service, 1940-1943; Literary Editor of 'Tribune', 1943-1945; war correspondent for the 'Observer', 1945; regular contributor to the 'Manchester Evening News', 1943-1946; suffered from tuberculosis, often in hospital, 1947-1950; married Sonia Mary Brownell, 1949; died, 21 January 1950. Publications: 'Down and out in Paris and London' (Victor Gollancz, London, 1933); 'Burmese days' (Harper & Brothers, New York, 1934); 'The road to Wigan pier' (Victor Gollancz, London, 1937); 'Homage to Catalonia' (Secker & Warburg, London, 1938); 'Coming up for air' (Victor Gollancz, London, 1939); 'The lion and the unicorn' (Secker & Warburg, London, 1941); 'Animal farm' (Secker & Warburg, London, 1945); 'Critical essays' (Secker & Warburg, London, 1946); 'The English people' (Collins, London, 1947); 'Nineteen eighty-four' (Secker & Warburg, London, 1949); 'Shooting an elephant, and other essays' (Secker & Warburg, London, 1950).
Acquisition Manuscripts, notebooks and personalia of George Orwell were presented in 1960 on permanent loan by his widow on behalf of the George Orwell Archive Trust, which have been supplemented by donations from family, friends and business associates, and by purchases. More detailed provenance is given at lower levels of description.
FindingAids Draft handlist. Descriptions of the 20 sub-fonds named are also available online.
Description Papers of and relating to George Orwell (Eric Arthur Blair), 1875-[1997], comprising manuscripts and typescripts, 1917-1959 (Ref: A); literary notebooks, 1939-[1949] (Ref: B); Spanish Civil War material, 1936-1939 (Ref: C); general notebooks, 1943-[1950] (Ref: D); political diaries, 1938-1942 (Ref: E); domestic diaries, 1938-1948 (Ref: F); letters from Orwell, 1911-1949 (Ref: G); letters to Orwell, 1928-1950 (Ref: H); associated material, 1935-1949 (Ref: I); personalia, 1903-1971 (Ref: J); Eileen Blair papers [1920s]-1967 (Ref: K); family papers, 1875-1968 (Ref: L); posthumous material, 1950-1972 (Ref: M); proofs, 1932-1953 (Ref: N); radio scripts, 1943-1957 (Ref: O); adaptation scripts and screenplays of Orwell's work, 1952-1986 (Ref: P); documentary scripts, 1946-1983, of recorded interviews about Orwell (Ref: Q); audio-visual cassettes, 1983-[1997], about Orwell and his work (Ref: R); Sonia Orwell papers, 1937-1977 (Ref: S); photographs, 1893-1984 (Ref: T).
Repository GB 0103
AccessStatus Certain restrictions apply
AccessConditions Parts of the collection are closed.
ReproductionConditions Photocopies/photographs/microfilm are supplied for private research only at the Archivist's discretion. Please note that material may be unsuitable for copying on conservation grounds, and that photographs cannot be photocopied in any circumstances. Researchers who wish to publish material must seek copyright permission from the copyright owner.
CatalogueStatus Catalogued
Arrangement Arranged in sub-fonds as indicated in Description.
Language English
French
German
Japanese
RelatedMaterial University College London Special Collections also holds correspondence and papers of Sir Richard Rees (George Orwell's literary executor) relating to Orwell, including letters from his wife Sonia, 1949-1950 (Ref: REES); and a declaration of trust setting up the George Orwell Archive Trust, 25 Jan 1961 (Ref: MS ADD 315).


The British Library, Manuscript Collections, holds letters received by Orwell (Ref: Add MS 49384). See also Location register of twentieth-century English literary manuscripts (1988).

ReprodnDescription Images sourced from selected items in this collection.
RelatedImage1 Manuscripts from the Orwell Archive
RelatedImage2 Photographs from the Orwell Archive
RelatedImage3 Orwell book covers and dust jackets
Term Primary documents
Documents
Information sources
Writers
Visual materials
Video recordings
Television programmes
Television
Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)
Recordings
Radio programmes
Radio
Publishing industry
Publishing
Prose
Programme content
Political movements
Photographs
Nonfiction
Literature
Literary forms and genres
Journalists
Editing
Diaries
Communication personnel
Broadcasting
Civil war
Broadcasting programmes
Authors
Audiovisual materials
PersonKey Orwell; George (1903-1950); political writer and essayist, also known as Eric Blair

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